rabble blogs are the personal pages of some of Canada's most insightful progressive activists and commentators. All opinions belong to the writer; however, writers are expected to adhere to our guidelines. We welcome new bloggers -- contact us for details.

Canada's job numbers: Ontario is driving the trends

Please chip in to support rabble's election 2019 coverage. Support rabble.ca today for as little as $1 per month!

Many analysts agree that last week's job numbers from Statistics Canada are dismal. Canada created only 81,000 new jobs between August 2013 and August 2014. That's the smallest August over August change since 1990.

While taking a look at the Canada-wide numbers is important to understanding the economic health of the country, zoning in on the provincial and regional levels can be very informative, showing that different parts of the country are driving different trends.

Ontario, for example, posted a disappointing 14,000-job gain between August 2013 and 2014 -- that's an average of 1,160 jobs per month. For the province with the largest population, and one that used to be considered by many to be the economic engine of Canada, that's something to worry about.

Some of the noticeable trends in Ontario's job numbers are the same that have been pointed out for Canada.

The surge in self-employment at the expense of private sector work, for example, is evident in Ontario as well as the rest of Canada -- though Ontario took a smaller hit in private sector work and a larger chunk of self-employment gains.

A few other national job trends, however, appear to be driven entirely by what is happening in Ontario. Employment loss for workers aged 25-54, for example, is entirely driven by Ontario. While workers in this age group in the rest of the country gained 36,000 jobs over the course of the year -- losing 11,000 full-time positions and gaining 47,000 part-time spots -- the same cohort in Ontario lost a total of 40,000 jobs -- 18,000 full-time and 22,000 part-time.

Workers aged 55 and over, on the other hand, took home the bulk of the employment gains across the country: 46,000 jobs in Ontario and 41,000 jobs in the rest of Canada.

A small silver lining for Ontario in the chart above is that young workers actually gained employment in Ontario over the course of the year.

The goods producing sector in Ontario also took a beating -- posting a year over year loss of 60,000 jobs. A full 80 per cent of those jobs were lost in Ontario and the bulk of those were in the manufacturing sector.

Ontario lost 30,000 manufacturing jobs between August 2013 and 2014 -- a total of 4 per cent of all the manufacturing jobs in the province. The rest of Canada actually gained more than 13,000 manufacturing jobs during the same time period. It's the only goods producing industry that showed different trends in Ontario and the rest of Canada.

Unsurprisingly, in the face of losses in the goods producing sector, the services producing sector grew by 170,000 jobs between August 2013 and 2014 and gains were split evenly between Ontario and the rest of Canada.

These trends are part of a seismic shift that's been happening in Ontario for some time; a shift from middle-income, goods producing jobs to a more polarized labour market with some higher and many lower paid positions.

If there is a small silver lining for Ontario in this month's labour force survey release, it's that the number of full-time jobs increased while the number of part-time positions shrank. It's a shift that reverses the 2012 and 2013 part-time vs. full-timer trends.

But even so, a full 37 per cent of all people who are working part-time would rather be working full-time -- and of those workers between the ages of 25 and 54 who are working part-time, a full 45 per cent would rather be engaged in full-time work (57 per cent of men in this cohort and 41 per cent of women).

In other words: almost half of prime-aged working Ontarians are involuntarily holding down a part-time job when they'd really like a full-time job. That's a trend that needs to reverse itself, and soon.

Kaylie Tiessen is economist with the Ontario Office of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA Ontario). Follow her on Twitter @KaylieTiessen

Thank you for reading this story…

More people are reading rabble.ca than ever and unlike many news organizations, we have never put up a paywall – at rabble we’ve always believed in making our reporting and analysis free to all, while striving to make it sustainable as well. Media isn’t free to produce. rabble’s total budget is likely less than what big corporate media spend on photocopying (we kid you not!) and we do not have any major foundation, sponsor or angel investor. Our main supporters are people and organizations -- like you. This is why we need your help. You are what keep us sustainable.

rabble.ca has staked its existence on you. We live or die on community support -- your support! We get hundreds of thousands of visitors and we believe in them. We believe in you. We believe people will put in what they can for the greater good. We call that sustainable.

So what is the easy answer for us? Depend on a community of visitors who care passionately about media that amplifies the voices of people struggling for change and justice. It really is that simple. When the people who visit rabble care enough to contribute a bit then it works for everyone.

And so we’re asking you if you could make a donation, right now, to help us carry forward on our mission. Make a donation today.


We welcome your comments! rabble.ca embraces a pro-human rights, pro-feminist, anti-racist, queer-positive, anti-imperialist and pro-labour stance, and encourages discussions which develop progressive thought. Our full comment policy can be found here. Learn more about Disqus on rabble.ca and your privacy here. Please keep in mind:


  • Tell the truth and avoid rumours.
  • Add context and background.
  • Report typos and logical fallacies.
  • Be respectful.
  • Respect copyright - link to articles.
  • Stay focused. Bring in-depth commentary to our discussion forum, babble.


  • Use oppressive/offensive language.
  • Libel or defame.
  • Bully or troll.
  • Post spam.
  • Engage trolls. Flag suspect activity instead.