In a stunning upset of "Dewey Defeats Truman" proportions, the BC Liberals have defied all the polls save one and returned to power with a fourth straight majority government. No doubt, there will be much soul searching and wound licking over the coming weeks. I believe that five lessons -- real, imagined, and not-quite-clear -- will be gleaned from the experience.
1. Proceed with caution when predicting the future.
In last year's U.S. Presidential election, statistician Nate Silver made fools out of all those television pundits who privileged "gut feeling" over quantitative analysis. But sometimes even the data geeks get it wrong.
So what happened in British Columbia? Did voter support swing at the last minute? Did New Democrats fail to get out their vote? Were there methodological problems with the polling? All we can say for sure is that the political landscape is littered with failed predictions (albeit rarely so shocking as last night's), and that in the future, partisans and non-partisans alike are probably better off displaying greater humility when speaking of what is yet to come.
2. Going negative works.
This is a very depressing development. Early on, NDP leader Adrian Dix admirably vowed to run a positive campaign, and although that strategy began to shift in the final days, his team never attempted anything on the scale of the unrelenting attacks unleashed by Premier Christy Clark and the Liberals.
While negative campaigning can sometimes backfire, it appears to have worked this time around, as the Liberals successfully tapped into the sizable block of B.C. voters susceptible to red scare tactics. All the Premier had to do was remind us of secret NDP plans to steal our hard-earned tax dollars and distribute them to greedy union bosses, or something to that effect, and B.C.'s "free enterprise coalition" dutifully flocked into action.
If I were inclined to ignore lesson #1 above, I would predict an NDP emulation of this campaign style for the next several elections.
3. Campaigning on the environment doesn't work.
This is even more depressing -- and not necessarily accurate. But in politics, it is perception that matters.
During this election, the NDP adopted a moderately progressive environmental platform. The strategy evidently did not pay off. Conceivably, the problem may have been that its environmental policies did not go far enough; perhaps a more stringent stance, like opposition to LNG, might have chipped off a few extra Green votes and energized the party's base. But New Democrats are most likely drawing a different conclusion. I predict (again, with all due humility) that in the next election, the NDP will focus more on capturing the ideological territory of the Liberals than the Greens.
But there are different strategies to consider.
4. The NDP and the Greens must cooperate.
This call is likely to grow louder over the coming months and years, but electoral cooperation won't be easy to implement. Green Party support comes from across the political spectrum -- more so from the NDP than the Liberals, to be sure, but not overwhelmingly so. Plus, it is hard to determine exactly how Green and NDP transfers of support would break down on a riding-by-riding basis.
But while such a scheme is not guaranteed to succeed, neither is it guaranteed to fail. A pre-election alliance in targeted ridings is at least worth further exploration. And with Jane Sterk's probable impending departure from the Green Party leadership, possibly to be replaced by new MLA Andrew Weaver who said he would prefer an NDP to a Liberal government, bad blood between the two parties may yet diminish.
5. It's now up to civil society.
Regardless of what happens in 2017, B.C. will spend the next four years governed by a party that believes itself to have a mandate for pipeline ambiguity, LNG development, and climate inaction. Environmental and social justice groups must mobilize to demonstrate to the government that its priorities for the province are not embraced by the majority of voters who wanted someone else.
"Well, that was easy," Christy Clark joked in her victory speech last night. It is now up to all of us to make sure that the next four years are anything but.
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