One of the many obstacles facing the Occupy movement is the challenge of facilitating massive public meetings and decision-making processes.
These hurculean meetings take place in a setting where:
- Many people don't know each other;
- Many people haven't worked together before;
- There are few rules;
- Organizers and participants have varying levels of experience participating and facilitating non-hierarchical meetings; and
- Consensus or near consensus is the decision-making tool in operation -- which makes meetings vulnerable to the bad behaviour of a few.
Toss in some direct action, a little police violence, the threat of winter, and a lot of overnight camping, and you've got a situation where difficult people (and even reasonable people) can become, well, even more difficult.
I just read an article by Sara Robinson, a senior fellow with Campaign for America's Future. Drawing from her experiences in the '60s and '70s, Robinson outlines some key advice for how the Occupy movement could deal with A*#% holes. I am posting this article in full. It's very well written, thoughtful, and succinct.
Occupy's Asshole Problem: Flashbacks from An Old Hippie
Guest Editorial By Sara Robinson, Senior Fellow, Campaign For America's Future
I wish I could say that the problems that the Occupy movement is having with infiltrators and agitators are new. But they're not. In fact, they're problems that the Old Hippies who survived the '60s and '70s remember acutely, and with considerable pain.
As a veteran of those days -- with the scars to prove it -- watching the OWS organizers struggle with drummers, druggies, sexual harassers, and racists brings me back to a few lessons we had to learn the hard way back in the day, always after putting up with way too much over-the-top behaviour from people we didn't think we were allowed to say no to. It's heartening to watch the Occupiers begin to work out solutions to what I can only indelicately call the a**hole problem. In the hope of speeding that learning process along, here are a few glimmers from my own personal flashbacks -- things that it's high time somebody said right out loud.
1. Let's be clear: It is absolutely OK to insist on behaviour norms.
Occupy may be a DIY movement -- but it also stands for very specific ideas and principles. Central among these is: We are here to reassert the common good. And we have a LOT of work to do. Being open and accepting does not mean that we're obligated to accept behaviour that damages our ability to achieve our goals. It also means that we have a perfect right to insist that people sharing our spaces either act in ways that further those goals, or go somewhere else until they're able to meet that standard.
2. It is OK to draw boundaries between those who are clearly working toward our goals, and those who are clearly not.
Or, as an earlier generation of change agents put it: You're either on the bus, or off the bus. Are you here to change the way this country operates, and willing to sacrifice some of your almighty personal freedom to do that? Great. You're with us, and you're welcome here. Are you here on your own trip and expecting the rest of us to put up with you? In that case, you are emphatically NOT on our side, and you are not welcome in our space.
Anybody who feels the need to put their own personal crap ahead of the health and future of the movement is (at least for that moment) an a**hole, and does not belong in Occupied space. Period. This can be a very hard idea for people in an inclusive movement to accept -- we really want to have all voices heard. But the principles Occupy stands for must always take precedence over any individual's divine right to be an a**hole, or the a**holes will take over. Which brings me to....
3. The consensus model has a fatal flaw, which is this: It's very easy for power to devolve to the people who are willing to throw the biggest tantrums.
When some a drama king or queen starts holding the process hostage for their own reasons, congratulations! You've got a new a**hole! (See #2.) You must guard against this constantly, or consensus government becomes completely impossible.
4. Once you've accepted the right of the group to set boundaries around people's behaviour, and exclude those who put their personal rights ahead of the group's mission and goals, the next question becomes: How do we deal with chronic a**holes?
This is the problem Occupy's leaders are very visibly struggling with now. I've been a part of a**hole-infested groups in the long-ago past that had very good luck with a whole-group restorative justice process. In this process, the full group (or some very large subset of it that's been empowered to speak for the whole) confronts the troublemaker directly. The object is not to shame or blame. Instead, it's like an intervention. You simply point out what you have seen and how it affects you. The person is given a clear choice: make some very specific changes in their behaviour, or else leave.
This requires some pre-organization. You need three to five spokespeople to moderate the session (usually as a tag team) and do most of the talking. Everybody else simply stands in a circle around the offender, watching silently, looking strong and determined. The spokespeople make factual we statements that reflect the observations of the group. We have seen you using drugs inside Occupied space. We are concerned that this hurts our movement. We are asking you to either stop, or leave.
When the person tries to make excuses (and one of the most annoying attributes of chronic a**holes is they're usually skilled excuse-makers as well), then other members of the group can speak up -- always with I messages. I saw you smoking a joint with X and Y under tree Z this morning. We're all worried about the cops here, and we think you're putting our movement in danger. We are asking you to leave. Every statement needs to end with that demand -- We are asking you to either stop, or else leave and not come back. No matter what the troublemaker says, the response must always be brought back to this bottom line.
These interventions can go on for a LONG time. You have to be committed to stay in the process, possibly for a few hours until the offender needs a restroom break or gets hungry. But eventually, if everybody stays put, the person will have no option but to accept that a very large group of people do not want him or her there. Even truly committed a**holes will get the message that they've crossed the line into unacceptable behaviour when they're faced with several dozen determined people confronting them all at once.
Given the time this takes, it's tempting to cut corners by confronting several people all at once. Don't do it. Confronting more than two people at a time creates a diffusion-of-responsibility effect: the troublemakers tell themselves that they just got caught up in a dragnet; the problem is those other people, not me. The one who talks the most will get most of the heat; the others will tend to slip by (though the experience may cause them to reconsider their behaviour or leave as well).
This process also leaves open the hope that the person will really, truly get that their behaviour is Not okay, and agree to change it. When this happens, be sure to negotiate specific changes, boundaries, rules, and consequences (if we see you using drugs here again, we will call the police. There will be no second warning), and then reach a consensus agreement that allows them to stay. On the other hand: if the person turns violent and gets out of control, then the question is settled, and their choice is made. You now have a legitimate reason to call the cops to haul them away. And the cops will likely respect you more for maintaining law and order.
Clearing out a huge number of these folks can be a massive time suck, at least for the few days it will take to weed out the worst ones and get good at it. It might make sense to create a large committee whose job it is to gather information, build cases against offenders, and conduct these meetings.
5. It is not wrong for you to set boundaries this way.
You will get sh-t for this. But...but...it looks a whole lot like a Maoist purge unit! No. There is nothing totalitarian about asking people who join your revolution to act in ways that support the goals of that revolution. And the Constitution guarantees your right of free association -- which includes the right to exclude people who aren't on the bus, and who are wasting the group's limited time and energy rather than maximizing it. After all: you're not sending these people to re-education camps, or doing anything else that damages them. You're just getting them out of the park, and out of your hair. You're eliminating distractions, which in turn effectively amplifies the voices and efforts of everyone else around you. And, in the process, you're also modelling a new kind of justice that sanctions people's behaviour without sanctioning their being -- while also carving out safe space in which the true potential of Occupy can flourish.