According to the official Government of Ontario website, Ontario is covered by 46 treaties and similar agreements. These were established between the years 1781 and 1930. However, while those of us who have progressed through Ontario's education system most likely recall a rudimentary overview of Indigenous cultures and contributions in social studies class, learning about the substance of treaties was rarely emphasized.
Open letter in support of Chippewas of the Thames First Nation's court challenge of Enbridge Line 9 pipeline
We stand in solidarity with Chippewas of the Thames First Nation in their legal challenge against Enbridge's Line 9 pipeline project.
Last April, Chippewas of the Thames First Nation (COTTFN) filed with the Federal Court of Appeal to challenge the National Energy Board (NEB) approval of Line 9, saying that the federal Crown provided no consultation with COTTFN on the project, as is their right. Line 9 crosses through Chippewas of the Thames' traditional and treaty territory, including the Thames River which provides a source of drinking water to the First Nation.
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission has now reported and Justice Murray Sinclair has pronounced Canadian policy towards First Nations as cultural genocide.
Stephen Harper's response to the conclusion: deafening silence.
Maybe Harper should repurpose his prominent memorial to the victims of communism as a memorial to the victims and survivors of residential schools.
Shannen Koostachin died in a car crash in 2010 at the age of 15, but not before she had led a youth advocacy movement for equitable access to education and been nominated for Nobel International Children's Peace Prize. The late activist fought for "safe and comfy" schools for Attawapiskat youth.
Now, friends, family and those who have heard Koostachin's story are raising money to erect a monument in her honour in New Liskeard, Ontario.