Doctors and medical students: Health care for all, including refugees

| June 16, 2012
Doctors and medical students: Health care for all, including refugees

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In a shocking move, the Canadian government is cutting access to health care for refugees across Canada starting on June 30. Health groups are loudly denouncing cuts to the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP) that provides temporary healthcare to refugees and asylum seekers in Canada.

Disregard for health and human rights

If these cuts are implemented, all refugees will lose access to essential medications, and thousands designated as coming from 'safe countries' will be denied healthcare services altogether, even in the case of life-threatening conditions such as heart attacks. These cuts highlight the current government's utter disregard for health and human rights and they will leave refugees, an already vulnerable group, struggling harder for survival.

As a group of health care workers and allies who work with migrant communities, we see cuts to the IFHP as fundamentally unjust and part of a larger pattern. Over the past few years, we have seen progressively harsher immigration restrictions as Jason Kenney, our Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism, seeks to fundamentally transform Canada's immigration system.

In addition to the draconian cuts to the IFHP, the Harper government is pushing for the adoption of controversial Bill C-31.

The proposed bill, now passed third reading in the House of Commons, would grant Minister Kenney the arbitrary authority to designate certain countries as 'safe.' Claimants from these countries will be processed through the system with the unfair presumption that they are 'bogus' claimants, effectively fast-tracking deportations.

Deportations can lead to death

The case of failed refugee claimant Grise, a 24 year-old woman who came to Canada fearing for her life, highlights the dangers of this approach. Soon after being deported back to Mexico, Grise was murdered. Mexico is widely expected to be designated as 'safe' by Kenney.

The reality is that the stories of individual refugees are complex. In designating entire countries as 'safe,' Minister Kenney effectively denies refugees their basic human right to a fair process. As tragically illustrated in Grise's case, Mexico could not ensure her safety, and the blanket designation of ‘safe' countries will contribute to Canada's already dysfunctional refugee determination process by worsening the physical, mental, and social wellbeing of refugee claimants. In particular, it will disproportionately impact women, individuals from LGBTQ communities and racial minorities fleeing persecution based on gender, sexuality and race.

Furthermore, under Bill C-31, Kenney plans to introduce mandatory detention for asylum seekers deemed to be 'irregular arrivals,' with limited opportunities for review. The designation of what constitutes an 'irregular arrival' is arbitrary, and arbitrary detention contravenes the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Canada is a signatory.

Moreover, significant research points to the ill health effects of detention on mental and physical health. Studies show that detention increases the risk of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and self-harm behaviours in refugees. Under this bill, families will be torn apart, treated as criminals and denied basic human rights, all of which is detrimental to their health.

Impacts on migrant workers

As if this were not bad enough, the Harper government has also implemented a two-tier wage system for foreign migrant workers, who can now be paid 15 per cent less than Canadian citizens for the same work.

A recent article in the Canadian Medical Association Journal found that migrant farm workers suffer from musculoskeletal injuries, chemical exposure from pesticides resulting in eye and skin disorders, and other conditions specific to their work. They already have reduced access to health care because of long work hours, lack of transportation, language barriers and fear of being deported for seeking care. On top of this, income inequality is one of the most important predictors of health. A two-tiered wage system continues the ongoing exploitation of migrant workers in Canada and consequently exacerbates their already unmet health needs.

These policy changes need to be understood not as isolated pieces of legislation, but as part of an organized attack by Kenney, the Harper government, and vocal anti-immigration lobbyists on Canada's existing immigration system. To compromise the health of refugees, asylum seekers, undocumented people and migrant workers openly violates international law. 

Health care for all! 

Ultimately, on June 30, we will see the number of migrants living without health insurance, estimated to be upwards of 500,000 across the country, increase dramatically. Half of the precarious-status migrants living without health insurance are thought to reside in the Greater Toronto Area, but only about 12,000 of those are able to access health care through Community Health Centres. Thus, while we reject Kenney's proposed changes to the IFHP, we are also demanding access to services for all migrants currently excluded from Canada's supposedly 'universal' health care system.

As doctors, nurses, healthcare workers, and activists, we stand in solidarity with a growing number of medical organizations rejecting the draconian policies of the current Canadian government with regards to the IFHP cuts, Bill C-31 and more.

We will stand alongside refugees, asylum seekers and people who are undocumented until we stop this inhumane plan. Together, we demand health care for all people irrespective of their immigration status!

Please join us on Monday, June 18 for the National Day of Action against the cuts to the Interim Federal Health Plan.

This article was written on behalf of Health for All, a migrant justice organization seeking to improve access to health care for migrant communities in Canada. Follow us on Twitter @HealthForAllTO. For Further information, please visit www.health4all.caDemonstrations will be occurring across Canada. For the location of the June 18 action in your city, please check here.

Nikki Bozinoff and Nanky Rai are medical students in Ontario. Ritika Goel MD and Michaela Beder MD are physicians in Toronto.



Healthcare, like food, is not a right.  It must be earned or paid for.  If a refugee is ill and receives health care, this is due to compassion.  For healthcare to be a right someone must be willing to sacrifice.  It is not a right if by exercising my right, I infringe upon yours.  Private property, such as wages (in the sense of keeping them) is a right.

Food is a good example.  I can't fill up a shopping cart at a grocery store and when I am asked how I will be paying say no, I am not paying, it is my right to have food.  Well how about the right of the employees of the grocery store to be paid, the owner to be paid, the truck driver who delivered the fruit to be paid, the worker who picked the food to be paid, etc. If food isn't a right how can healthcare be one.  I can survive years without healthcare but about 30 days without food.

Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are proper rights.  If I exercise my right, I am not infringing upon yours.



RDP, food is a right too, your arguments are trollish. 


canada spends billions on waging military campaigns, bailing out banks, and undertaking the further destruction of Indigenous peoples and their lands on turtle island and across the globe.

the cutting of these health services is nothing more than a continuation of the attacks on refugees and another manifestation of the systemic racism that canada was built on (white supremacy). 

wherever a refugee is from, whatever their story is, they have "paid for it", as their life has been impacted in a way that forces them to seek aslyum in canada.  the root causes of the dislocation will be from our wars, the ongoing impacts of the colonial ideology, and/or a neo-liberal capitalist economic policy that will destroy the earth so that men may buy increasingly larger yahcts in the méditerranéen, or have another cancer hospital named after them.  its all clearly bananas and your arguments just dont wash.


i join the call for doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and all those workers in the medical fields to defy all orders and treat any patient that seeks their care, regardless of whether or not they have their "papers".

Sure, join the call.  Just recognize that it is a charitable endeavour.


Food is a right too?  Try exercising your right to food...see how far you get.

The health care rationing we see today, could have easily been avoided. Canada has been collecting census information for a hundred years, it was a no brainer that given the census numbers collected in the last 40 years - an aging population and not enough new births to replace lost tax payers, that healthcare would be severely compromised and strained. So, we decide to introduce sin taxes for smokers and soon fat people, or at least fatty foods and soft drinks.

BC has come up with a solution though. Their court just ruled in favor of assisted suicide or euthanasia. All that is needed is to convince the elderly and sick that they are a burden to their families and on the health care system. If we can concince enough of them to submit to killing themselves, by choice of course, then we will save billions in CPP, disabily, subsidized housing,  and social assistance payments -it's a win win.

Can't wait for the mobile euthanasia units like the Dutch have now- nicnamed death squads- that are for patients who doctors have refused the patients or relatives of the patients euthanasia request. All a relative of the patient or the patient merely has to do is contact the eutanasia units by phone or email and the units will respond. Obviously, these units are circumventing the so called protections written into Dutch law, yet the units were approved anyway. The Netherlands has several assisted suicide abuse cases before the courts and have had many in the past.

The following is the best comment on this issue that I've read to date on this issue - the comment is insightfully brilliant-especially the last two paragraphs:

"It's like the introduction of birth control in the 1920s. Initially it was sold as a way to allow poor families to space their children, so they wouldn't have too many mouths to feed and the mothers wouldn't be exhausted. But that's not how social change works. You can't change one part of a complex social institution and expect everything else to stay the same.

Changing the relationship between sex and birth changes everything: sex, marriage, the role of women, the role of men, the structure of families, the status of gays and lesbians, the meaning of children... everything. A lot these changes were good; the point is, anyone who thought it would start and end with relieving poor families of having too many children was fantastically mistaken.Validating suicide, permitting doctors to kill... this is not going end with the voluntary euthanasia of a few terminally ill patients. By the time this shift works itself out (which may be decades) all of our values around life and death will be revolutionized.

I'm not saying we should have banned birth control. I'm saying the Death Revolution is not going to be as much fun as the Sexual Revolution."

Monty Pythons take on a related issue:


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