FIPA is an acronym that stands for Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement. Canada currently has 24 FIPAs with different partner countries, although this acronym is frequently used in the media to refer specifically to the Canada-China investment treaty. Distinct from Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), FIPAs are bilateral agreements made by the Government of Canada to encourage foreign investment through a framework of legally-binding obligations and rights.
Robin Brown's PAB2012 call to celebrate shades of grey.
PAB was an annual three-day conference about creativity, content creation, audience engagement and online relationship building. The conference flourished on a reputation of strong content and a welcoming community, attracting participants from as far away as the U.K. and South America for speaking sessions, popular five-minute JOLTs, workshops, panel discussions, and social activities. PAB2012 was the seventh and final PAB conference.
The practice of domestic procurement is both logical and common. It's widely used by countries throughout the world. And, for the most part, it's totally legal: Even under the terms of NAFTA and the WTO, sub-national governments have full powers to source locally, and national level governments have great leeway to favour domestic suppliers. Why then has the U.S.