Extinction Rebellion Protests Come to Canada

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Extinction Rebellion Protests Come to Canada

The Extinction Rebellion protests that spread like climate change induced wildfires across Europe duing the last week have now spread to Canada. The following video shows a protest in Halifax. 


You can join Extinction Rebellion Canada at https://www.facebook.com/ExtinctionRebellionCanada/



Environmental activists in London and other cities have said they are ready to shift from disruption to dialogue because corporations and politicians are not acting on this global crisis. 

Activists on the Oberbaum Bridge in Berlin block traffic (picture-alliance/dpa/C. Soeder)


The Extinction Rebellion protests got their start in London, but the movement has also spread to other major cities around the world. On April 15, these activists on the Oberbaum Bridge in Berlin blocked traffic for hours.

Protesters blocked access to multinational corporations in France on Friday, while youth activists in London staged a peaceful protest outside Britain's busiest airport as part of a wave of demonstrations urging governments to act against climate change.

Activist group Extinction Rebellion started a fifth day of protests outside Heathrow airport. Campaigners, predominantly under the age of the 30, wept and sang on the roadside around a mile away from two of the terminals. ...

A protest organised by Greenpeace saw activists prevent hundreds of employees from getting to work at the headquarters of French bank Societe Generale, state-run utility EDF and oil giant Total in Paris. 

The environmental organisation said the companies were contributing towards global warming.

Demonstrations, which began in London, had spread to the rest of Europe by Thursday. In Austria, activists blocked city trams while the streets of Sweden’s Gothenburg were closed.

In the Spanish city of Barcelona, protesters arranged themselves in the shape of Extinction Rebellion's egg-timer logo.

The protests spread as far as New York, where campaigners temporarily blocked the Brooklyn Bridge. ...

The campaigners are urging governments to declare a climate emergency, reduce greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2025 and stop the loss of biodiversity.

They also demand the establishment of "citizens assemblies on climate and ecological justice".

All ages are represented on the protests, which bear striking similarity to the Cold War nuclear disarmament assemblies. ...

Extinction Rebellion burst on to TV screens in November 2018, when police arrested more than 70 people for blocking five bridges across London's River Thames. ...

Meanwhile, veteran broadcaster Sir David Attenborough warned: "If we have not taken dramatic action within the next decade, we could face irreversible damage to the natural world and the collapse of our societies." ...

Attenborough issued the stark warning in a programme focusing on the facts of climate change, which was broadcast in the UK on Thursday night.

Teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg has become the voice of her generation. Speaking to the EU parliament on Tuesday, she chided leaders for focusing too heavily on Brexit.



Giants: Who Really Rules the World


Because it's us or them.


Rebellion Extinction: A Capitalist Scam to Hijack Our Resistance


"...The integrity of XR as an organisation was dealt a fatal blow on Easter Monday when its Twitter account  started plugging invites to a new website called XR Business. What we find is a list of 'business leaders' who have identified environmental catastrophe as yet another get rich opportunity..."

'There  is no such thing as green capitalism.' Judi Bari


NDPP wrote:

Rebellion Extinction: A Capitalist Scam to Hijack Our Resistance


"...The integrity of XR as an organisation was dealt a fatal blow on Easter Monday when its Twitter account  started plugging invites to a new website called XR Business. What we find is a list of 'business leaders' who have identified environmental catastrophe as yet another get rich opportunity..."

'There  is no such thing as green capitalism.' Judi Bari

There are many who do not agree with this assessment of Extinction Rebellion, although some questions are being raised about it. The following Rabble article sure doesn't make it sound like a capitalist plot. 

Roger Hallam, a leading figure in the Extinction Rebellion movement in the United Kingdom, ... highlights the five key elements to the Extinction Rebellion strategy:

highlights the five key elements to the Extinction Rebellion strategy:

  1. You needs lots of people.
  2. You've got to go to the capital city -- because that's where all the bad guys are, the elites.
  3. You've got to break the law, there's no point in sending in letters and banners and all that stuff.
  4. You've got to be non-violent -- as soon as it gets tricky it's game over, you've got lots of angry white men, it's not good.
  5. It has to go on day after day. ...

These comments echo previous statements by Extinction Rebellion organizers Tiana Jacout and Gail Bradbrook. "We have tried marching and lobbying and signing petitions," Jacout said, arguing that these haven't been effective strategies. According to Bradbrook, "only large-scale economic disruption can rapidly bring the government to the table" to address climate breakdown.

In Jones' interview with Hallam, he asks, "Doesn't there need to be more of a full-frontal assault on capitalism?" to which Hallam replies, "Absolutely."

On anti-capitalism needing to be a core tenet of climate justice organizing, Extinction Rebellion supporter George Monbiot recently wrote, "Our choice comes down to this. Do we stop life to allow capitalism to continue, or stop capitalism to allow life to continue?"

Furthermore, Extinction Rebellion co-founder Stuart Basden has argued "the climate's breakdown is a symptom of a toxic system" of colonialism, white supremacy, patriarchy, Eurocentrism, hetero-sexism/heteronormativity, class hierarchy, and other oppressions.

In a sympathetic critique of Extinction Rebellion mobilizing strategizing, Extinction Rebellion activists Cameron Joshi and Boden Franklin have commented, "Anti-capitalism, decolonization, and anti-oppression work cannot be an afterthought -- shoved into a five-minute window between speeches or tucked away at the end of an action."

Joshi and Franklin also note, "The use of arrests to crowd out police stations and gain media coverage is innovative. However, the narrow focus on this form of protest inevitably elevates white middle-class British voices, for whom arrest isn't as big of a deal."

They are concerned that the approach of focusing on arrests "excludes people of colour, trans folk, anyone with a precarious visa status, and working-class people, for whom arrest is a potentially lethal and life-ruining prospect." Ellen Rafiqi, who took part in the occupation of Oxford Circus, tweeted, "Stop writing people of colour out of history." The hashtag she used with that tweet was "#notjustawhiteprotest."

In another tweet, Rafiqi said "there's been trend in historical writing where minority groups (women, people of colour etc.) have had to be written back into the narrative. Let's do our future academics a favour and not ignore/ deny that people of colour are part of this week's protests."

Still, this is an issue that needs to be addressed, particularly in Canada, given the critical need for Extinction Rebellion to be fully supporting frontline Indigenous struggles and understanding Indigenous nations as sovereign nations within the colonial construct of Canada. This cannot be an afterthought.

We should also be exploring how Extinction Rebellion intersects with the approaches taken by environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs) and others calling for a Canadian Green New Deal.

Can we use the grassroots strategies theorized and implemented by Extinction Rebellion in the UK to exert pressure for a Green New Deal that is anti-capitalist and that has decolonization, migrant justice, racial justice, and reparations at its core? How do we avoid our demand for a truly radical Green New Deal getting bogged down in legislative processes, electoral politics and compromise? Can ENGOs move past the traditional approaches that have been critiqued by Extinction Rebellion and embrace the strategy of economic disruption?

These questions remain unanswered for now, but they could be the subject of lively movement debates in the weeks to come.




There are now 14 Extinction Rebellion groups in Canada, including six in BC. There locations can be found on the Google Map here: https://www.google.com/maps/d/u/0/viewer?mid=11jUqqjTHMThksd4KbvGGzb3I3C...

In BC groups have formed on the Sunshine CoastHowe SoundVancouver, the Fraser ValleyVancouver Island, and Cowichan Valley.

They want politicians to take urgent action on climate change and disappearing wildlife, and for governments around the world to reduce its carbon emissions to zero by 2025.

Resistance to the inaction by governments around the world has been growing following a United Nations IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming. The dire report, by the world’s leading climate scientists, warns there is only 12 years to limit global warming to a maximum of 1.5 C. After that, the scientists say there will be catastrophic drought, heat, fires and floods. ...

According to the Vancouver’s Extinction Rebellion, peaceful protesting “is a necessity” because politicians are failing to act quickly enough to protect people from rising levels of pollution, global warming, and mass extinction of species.

Coordinator of Extinction Rebellion Vancouver Amy Scaife says she’s worried about the future of her five-year-old daughter if nothing is done to slow the rise in global warming.

“When she’s my age, if the world keeps going on the same trajectory, the world will be completely different. There’s a chance she might not reach old age because of climate change … because of resource wars. If the planet warms by 3 C or 4 C that’s it. That’s pretty much the end,” said Scaife, 42. ...

For now the plans are more about educating those who want to join, said Scaife. The B.C. groups are hosting talks and workshops to mobilize people to take part in action. They say they want to provoke a national debate on what is happening to the planet, including global warming and species extinction. They will also stage rallies and protests, and pledge to have a commitment to non-violence. ...

Who can join?

Anyone. Scaife said she believes many people are feeling scared or anxious about what is going to happen in the future and what is being done by governments to address the climate crisis. She added that for some people joining a movement in their community can help them deal with that fear.

Is this group linked to the massive global student walkouts on Fridays?

It’s different but with the same message: To demand action on climate change. Students around the world, including here in Vancouver, have been walking out of class on certain Fridays to demand action to slow climate change. That movement, called “Fridays For Future,” was started by Swedish teen activist Greta Thunberg, who camped out in front of parliament in Stockholm last year to demand action from world leaders on global warming.

Scaife said she was hopeful that these mass demonstrations will have an effect on decision-making. “I think more and more people are starting to wake up to the crisis,” she said.




Between the Devil and the Green New Deal


"The problem with the Green New Deal is that it promises to change everything while keeping everything the same..."


Watch: Selling Extinction (and vid)


"Selling Extinction is a short introduction to the capitalist notion of a 'Green New Deal', the NGOs that support it and the recent Extinction Rebellion protests in London..."


The London Metropolitan police want all 1,130 Extinction Rebellion protesters who were arrested charged, not just the 70 who currently face charges. ​

Oxford Circus boatProtesters occupied Oxford Circus as part of Extinction Rebellion demonstrations

The Met will push for the prosecution of more than 1,100 people arrested over last month's Extinction Rebellion protests, a senior officer said.

So far more than 70 activists have been charged in connection with the demonstrations that brought parts of central London to a standstill.

Ten days of protests in April saw 1,130 people arrested for various offences.

Deputy Assistant Commissioner Laurence Taylor said the Met wanted to deter other groups employing similar tactics.

The group's tactics included asking volunteers to deliberately get arrested to cause maximum disruption at roadblocks on Waterloo Bridge, Oxford Circus and Marble Arch. Other protesters glued themselves to trains and buildings.  ...

Mr Taylor said 70 people had so far been charged by the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS). "It is our anticipation that we are putting all of those to the CPS for decisions," he said.



Extinction Rebellions are going on this week around the world including in Canada.

The activist group kicked off two weeks of peaceful protests, with thousands of demonstrators blocking roads in London, New York, Sydney, Amsterdam and other cities, calling for their governments to take urgent action to curb carbon emissions.

Climate change activists blockade London's Oxford Circus on Wednesday.

Climate change activists blockade London's Oxford Circus on Wednesday.




There were large demonstrations  in New York.

Demonstrators were arrested in a wave of US protests that are part of a global week of action by the UK-based group

Climate crisis activists demonstrate in New York City where Extinction Rebellion organizers expect several thousand to congregate this week.

Extinction Rebellion climate crisis activists protest at New York City’s famous Charging Bull statue.


 Extinction Rebellion climate crisis activists protest at New York City’s famous Charging Bull statue. Photograph: Mike Segar/Reuters

More than 20 people were arrested by police in New York City’s financial district after Extinction Rebellion climate protesters poured fake blood over the famous Charging Bull statue, a symbol of American capitalist might.

The protesters launched a wave of disruptive protests in the city on Monday. A smaller number of arrests were made at a “die in” outside New York’s stock exchange, with protesters subsequently blocking a nearby road to traffic.

Protests are also taking place in other US cities, including Washington DC and Chicago, as part of a global week of action by the UK-founded activist group, which is seeking to make its first major mark in America.

Climate crisis activists demonstrate in New York City where Extinction Rebellion organizers expect several thousand to congregate this week.


“There will be broad disruption of business as usual,” said a New York-based Extinction Rebellion spokesman. “Frankly we don’t have time to wait for an opportune moment. Climate breakdown is under way and we can’t afford to wait.”

Extinction Rebellion has a philosophy of nonviolent direct action aimed at pushing governments to confront the climate crisis. A key demand is that planet-warming carbon dioxide emissions are reduced to net zero within six years.



In Vancouver Extinction Rebellion blocked the Burrard Street Bridge.


  • Climate rebels occupied the Burrard Bridge in Vancouver this morning.

  • Climate rebels occupied the Burrard Bridge in Vancouver this morning.


In Montreal there was a large Extinction Rebellion in Montreal

 Manifestation du groupe Extinction Rebellion au centre-ville de Montréal, le mardi 8 octobre 2019.




There have been widespread Extinction Rebellion protests across Canada.

Members of Extinction Rebellion, protesting issues related to climate change, gather at the Angus L. Macdonald Bridge in Dartmouth, N.S. on Monday, Oct. 7, 2019. The bridge was closed to all traffic in early morning rush hour.Andrew Vaughan / THE CANADIAN PRESS

Protesters shut down traffic on major bridges across Canada on Monday as they joined in an international day of action meant to galvanize governments into taking more urgent action on climate change.

Activists with the environmental group Extinction Rebellion blocked traffic on spans in Halifax, Toronto, Edmonton and Vancouver, with similar demonstrations planned for Montreal, Calgary and Victoria later in the day.

The Canadian protests did not attract the same numbers seen in some European cities where hundreds of activists turned out in force, but nonetheless sparked anger among people caught up in major traffic delays.

Extinction Rebellion’s Toronto chapter said disrupting traffic was a necessary, if inconvenient, tactic.

“In a car-dependent city, interfering with traffic is one of the best ways of interfering with business as usual,” the group wrote in a Facebook post.

“We are not attempting to shame or blame drivers — we all live in a toxic system and have few good options in our daily lives without system change.”

The Toronto group was scheduled to clear off the bridge by 10 a.m., but were still gathered by mid-day. Toronto police Const. Caroline De Kloet said officers began making arrests after noon but did not say how many.

In Edmonton, a handful of protesters linked arms to block traffic on the Walterdale Bridge connecting the city’s south side with the downtown core.

Police kept the peace between activists and angry drivers, some of whom got out of their cars to yell obscenities.

Alberta Premier Jason Kenney criticized the protesters on Twitter, saying they were preventing workers from reaching their jobs and barring parents from taking kids to school. “Somehow this is all supposed to be in the name of environment, but hundreds of cars are now idling unnecessarily as they wait,” he wrote.

The scene was more peaceful at Halifax’s Angus L. Macdonald Bridge, even when police moved in about four hours after the demonstration got underway.

Officers arrested 18 people positioned on the artery linking the city to nearby Dartmouth. Early in the day, police said less than a hundred protesters, many of them waving flags and signs, had gathered near the toll plaza on the Dartmouth side. The Macdonald bridge was reopened to traffic by mid-day.

“I think this is a huge success,” protest organizer Patrick Yancey said just moments before he was arrested. “I think it’s going to be great for the whole world to see all of the people who are willing to make this sacrifice in order to get some action on this climate crisis.”

Lorna McLagen of Annapolis Royal, N.S., was also among the group arrested. She said she felt compelled to act. “I’ve been part of the problem for so long and now, before I die, I’d like to try to do something,” said McLagen. “As uncomfortable as it makes me feel, I have to do it.”

Extinction Rebellion members usually sit or lie down in front of traffic until they are arrested and taken away by police officers. Such a scene played out in cities around the world throughout Monday, although some saw more dramatic efforts.






Tuesday Extinction Rebellion activists closed the Cartier Bridge in Montreal. 

CLIMATE activists with the Quebec chapter of Extinction Rebellion scaled the structure of Montreal’s Jacques Cartier Bridge Tuesday, forcing the authorities to close traffic as they mounted an operation to get them down.

Three activists climbed onto the bridge over the St. Lawrence River at about 6 a.m. and were up there for a few hours before surrendering without incident.

Police gradually had to block off lanes on the bridge before shutting it completely about 90 minutes after the protest began.

A specialized Montreal fire department unit climbed the structure to ensure the protesters’ safety and convince them to come down.

Quebec provincial police Quebec police say the three people were arrested for climbing the bridge.

say the three people — one woman and two men — were arrested and will meet with investigators.

In a statement, the group said its aim is to press governments to accept the climate crisis and make policy in line with existing scientific data.

The protest caused massive traffic snarls, as the span is a major link between Montreal and its suburbs to the south. Traffic was restored just after 8:30 a.m.

On Monday, Extinction Rebellion members blocked bridges in Halifax, Toronto, Edmonton and Vancouver as part of a global effort to lobby for more urgent action against climate change.




The Vancouver Extinction Rebellion chapter plans to keep escalating protests and until its demands are met as part of the global movement in 50 countries, arguing there is no time left to do one-off protests because of the rate at which global warming is accelerating. 

The group in Vancouver started about six months ago, and is part of the global Extinction Rebellion that started in the United Kingdom last year. It made headlines Monday as chapters in major cities across the world blockaded bridges stopping only after police arrested some of the activists. In Canada, chapters in Toronto, Edmonton, Halifax and Victoria also set up blockades.

“Escalation is definitely the name of the game, this is not a one-time thing,” said Maayan Kreitzman, a member who helped co-ordinate the occupation of Vancouver’s Burrard Street Bridge. ... We can’t afford to lose time anymore with just oneoff marches, and going home and everybody forgets about it. Extinction Rebellion is about sustained organizing as well as mass mobilization and that’s what’s going to bring us success,” said Kreitzman.

In Vancouver, the occupation of the Burrard Street Bridge lasted about 15 hours, and shut down traffic on the bridge connecting the downtown core to Vancouver’s west-side and its beaches. In what Kreitzman called a “rebellious celebration of life.” ... 

XR Vancouver’s main demands are that governments tell the truth about the climate crisis, that they act immediately to prevent extinctions and the loss of biodiversity, that they reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2025 and that they take direction from and help establish citizen’s assemblies.

Extinction Rebellion’s founding philosophy is based on specific theories of social change, heavily inspired by a book called “Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Non-violent Conflict.” The willingness to get arrested is one of the movement’s principals of social change. One of its founders, Roger Hallam, wrote in a May 2019 Guardian Op-ed that “only through sacrifice — the willingness to be arrested and go to prison — do people take seriously what you are saying.”

Before blocking the bridge, protest organizers called for roughly 20 volunteers who were “willing to be arrested.” Organizers found they had more volunteers than necessary and it appeared some were turned away. Those selected as willing to be arrested were taken aside and given special instructions about how to safely be arrested. Aside from the willingness to be arrested, there are two other key components of XR’S theory of change. One is that it’s necessary to disrupt the More than 100 protesters from the Extinction Rebellion movement closed Vancouver's Burrard Bridge Monday morning, demanding action on the climate crisis. day-to-day operations of society, the other is that the actions are respectful to fellow activists, the police and the public, in order to win over anyone who opposes the movement.

In May, a collective of people of colour penned a letter to the global XR movement, criticizing the movement’s failure to adequately acknowledge and include people who experience racism, classism, ableism and other structural oppression. A group called The Wretched of the Earth — which describes itself as “a grassroots collective for Indigenous, Black, brown and diaspora groups and individuals demanding climate justice and acting in solidarity with our communities, both here in the U.K. and in Global South” — wrote the letter, and about 50 grassroots and civil society groups, many based in the UK, signed on. It was first published in “Red Pepper,” a leftwing political magazine.




More on what Extinction Rebellion is and how it has evolved.

The radical group has galvanised young and old. But in the year since it formed, what has life been like inside the movement?

Extinction Rebellion’s ‘blood protest’ outside the Treasury last week.

 Extinction Rebellion’s ‘blood protest’ outside the Treasury last week. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Reuters

In the last week alone, members of Extinction Rebellion have been described as ecomaniacs (Daily Mail), ecoradicals ignoring our economic doom (Times), dangerous and a bloody mess (Daily Telegraph). They have been accused of “pulling 83,000 officers away from their normal duties” according to the police and costing Scotland Yard £16m. In London last week, dressed in funereal black, rebels tried to paint the Treasury red using 1,800 litres of fake blood and an old fire engine with a sign reading “stop funding climate death”.

While its actions may seem controversial in some quarters, Extinction Rebellion’s rise and influence have undoubtedly been extraordinary, galvanising young and old across party lines. Last October, the journalist and activist George Monbiot introduced the group in the national press, a homegrown movement “devoted to disruptive, non-violent disobedience in protest against ecological collapse”. The hope was to turn a national uprising into an international one by March. In fewer than 12 months, Extinction Rebellion has become the fastest-growing environmental organisation in the world. ...

There are now an estimated 485 Extinction Rebellion affiliates across the globe and, over the next fortnight, they are promising to shut down 60 cities, including London, New York, Buenos Aires, Sydney, Cape Town and Mumbai. Government buildings, airports and financial districts will all be targeted with protests aiming for maximum disruption to provoke urgent political action.



BAME,which stands for black, Asian and minority ethnic groups, have criticized Extinction Rebellion and other activists groups for not adequately representing them. 

The mother of Ella Kissi-Debrah - the nine-year-old girl whose fatal asthma attack may have been linked to illegal levels of pollution - has said there is a lack of representation in climate activism. ...


Echoing Ms Kissi-Debrah's comment is Professor Akwugo Emejulu - a sociology lecturer at the University of Warwick specialising in women of colour's activism in Europe.

She says the main reason for what she sees as their lack of representation in activism lies in some of the tactics used by action groups, such as Extinction Rebellion.

One of the strategies adopted by Extinction Rebellion during their 10-day demonstration in April was to get as many activists as possible arrested.

Prof Emejulu says some black campaigners are put off this approach because they fear violence and hostility from the police.

Samantha Moyo is the coordinator for Extinction Rebellion Together - a section within the group that provides training on diversity. 

She says it took a lot of effort to overcome her fear of police when joining protest campaigns. ...

Ms Moyo says she only felt safe from police at the latest protests because she was "holding hands with a fellow protester, who was white". She says police could help to reduce the fear sometimes felt by people of colour if they behaved in a more approachable way. ...

Kids of Colour - a platform for young ethnic minority people to explore identity and "challenge institutional racism" - says climate protests do not always allow for the realities they face. 

School students around the world recently went on strike to demand action on climate change, but some at Kids of Colour question how inclusive the protests were.  "The school strikes have been fantastic to witness, but it is also a privilege to be able to skip school," says one representative.  Many young people of colour feel a pressure to succeed in education because society does not work in their favour." ...

Economic inequality can be another barrier for people of ethnic and minority backgrounds who are affected by climate change, says Ms Kissi-Debrah.

"Can you imagine giving up 10 days [of work] to sit in central London? It is absolutely not feasible for those in low-paid jobs.  I'm not saying everyone in Extinction Rebellion is in a privileged situation, but a lot of them were in jobs that make it easier for them to take time off work." ...

The Wretched of the Earth, which describes itself as "a collective of grassroots indigenous, black, brown and diaspora groups", wrote an open letter to Extinction Rebellion asking the group to rethink its tactics.

While commending Extinction Rebellion's successes, the letter said ethnic and minority voices were missing from the movement and need to be included early on, in order to effectively challenge systems upholding "racism, sexism and classism". 

Referencing Miss Thunberg's "house on fire" analogy, the group said: "Our communities have been on fire for a long time and these flames are fanned by our exclusion and silencing."

So how can pressure groups draw everyone in? People from BAME backgrounds need to be taken into consideration from the very start, says Prof Emejulu. "It's not about organising in your own terms and then trying to draw people in. You have to be embedded in the communities with the people that are affected by this. It's also about democracy - if democracy isn't reflected in your activism then that's a problem." ...

Ms Moyo says Extinction Rebellion is working on taking action to ensure that people of colour are not being left out. 

"I'm excited about what we're doing," she says, "because we'll be raising awareness and providing training around racism, colonialism, systemic trauma and other important issues."

Other campaign groups are also addressing the matter. Greens of Colour is part of the Green Party, aiming to represent BAME members. And Friends of the Earth (FoE) has also acknowledged there is a problem with diversity in climate debates. In particular, says an FoE spokeswoman, groups need to be better at recruitment and "bringing people in that the sector hasn't done very much to interest".



Mothers gather ahead of the Extinction Rebellion "nurse-in" road blockade in London on Wednesday, October 9.

Jonathan Brady/AP

Extinction Rebellion activists have staged colorful demonstrations, pulled eye-catching stunts and shut down roads as part of a worldwide protest to demand more action on climate change. 

The environmental group, which was founded in the UK, has planned a large coordinated movement — called International Rebellion — in more than 60 global cities.

The biggest protests so far have been in Britain, where thousands of demonstrators have swarmed to sites around central London.

Hundreds of protesters have been arrested around the world so far as activists resist efforts by police to move them in the United States, Canada, Europe and Australia. 

Extinction Rebellion said that more protests are planned in even more places in the coming days, including Gambia, Japan and Hong Kong. 

While their actions may vary, the international group of activists are united in their aims for governments to act immediately to stop biodiversity loss, "reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2025" and be led by "the decisions of citizens' assemblies on climate and ecological justice."




This week there have been widespread Extinction Rebellion protests in Canada

On Monday the activist group Extinction Rebellion blocked bridges across Canada in Halifax, Toronto, Kitchener, Ont., Edmonton, Vancouver and Victoria. While the climate action group may have been relatively unknown until now, they've been expanding rapidly around the world. Here's a rundown on the group and what they're calling on governments to do.

What is Extinction Rebellion?

Extinction Rebellion (XR) was launched by Roger Hallam and Gail Bradbrook on Oct. 31, 2018.  It was formed after the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Special Report: Global Warming of 1.5 C that said policymakers have only 12 years to stop global catastrophic climate change. ... The group is also concerned about findings that suggest we have entered the sixth global mass extinction event. Its symbol is an hourglass in a circle that represents time running out.

How big is Extinction Rebellion?

The group says that its first protest in 2018 drew 1,500 people to Parliament Square in London. It has spread now to more than 60 countries with 350 local groups. According to their website, there are more than 30 XR groups across Canada, with both local and provincial groups.

What is it demanding and from whom?

Extinction Rebellion has three primary demands of governments, that they: 

  • Declare a climate and ecological emergency.
  • Act immediately to stop the loss of biodiversity and reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2025.
  • "Create and be led by the decisions of a Citizens' Assembly on climate and ecological justice."

What kind of tactics does XR use?

According to the group, it "uses nonviolent civil disobedience" to stop the mass extinction of life on Earth and "minimize the risk of social collapse." 

Writer and activist George Monbiot is also a strong supporter of XR. Speaking from London with CBC News, he said one of the reasons he supports the group is because it's unlike anything he's ever seen before. "It's really the first movement in my life that's been of sufficient scale to address this issue," Monbiot said. "I've been an activist and journalist in this field for 34 years, and there've been lots of movements coming and going, and a lot of them have been great … but none of them has reached this scale and this impact."



While Extinction Rebellion has received some criticism about its tactics and organization focusing on the developed countries that is rapidly changing as the following article notes, as Extinction Rebellion protests and peace volunteers support the battle of Earth Defenders, who often face murder in their fight for climate justice in the South, especially among indigenous people. 

 Talia Woodin/Extinction Rebellion

Extinction Rebellion (XR) is making an important link with the deadly struggle for climate justice in the Global South.

In a recent newletters, the group notes:

"[On October 9], XR communities in Paris and London joined in a wave of solidarity for fallen Earth Defenders: those for whom standing up for life and for the natural world has meant death."

"The idea of this supportive wave came from XR Argentina, but was taken up as far away as Dublin, Cape Town and Islamabad."

"Last year, 164 activists were killed in the Global South for trying to defend their lands from corporate extractivism. Yesterday [October 9], rebels all over the world held vigils to honour them, coming together in a global solidarity action."

"The figure of 164 deaths is only an estimate. The real figure is likely to be much higher. Two Indigenous activists are murdered every week for defending their lands from Western extractivist corporations, and their names are rarely known widely around the world." ...

In 2018, 84 Peace Brigades International volunteers accompanied, observed, and made office rounds on 1,334 occasions to support human rights defenders.

The impact of that accompaniment is tangible.

Ivan Madero from the Colombian group CREDHOS has stated, "The political deterrence that PBI creates is fundamental." Lorena Cabnal, an Indigenous feminist in Guatemala, says, "I believe that without PBI's accompaniment I would not be here today."

And yet the need for greater protection remains clear.

In 2018, in the countries where PBI has field projects that accompany at-risk defenders, 24 land and environment defenders were killed in Colombia, 16 in Guatemala, 14 in Mexico, 4 in Honduras, 2 in Kenya, and 1 in Indonesia.




Not to mention Indigenous leaders and climate defenders killed by Bolsonaro's henchmen.


Canadian mining companies have played a major role in the growing violence against environmentalists. The article found at the url below describes the murder of 37 environmentali activists and their connections to Canadian mining companies. 

1Vigil1.jpg          Blanket: "Canadian Mining Kills"


Four days after the assassination of Honduran indigenous leader Berta Cáceres captured worldwide headlines, a vigil to remind of the blood on Canada’s hands for all those who have died protesting Canadian mining projects abroad interrupted the mining industry’s annual confab in Toronto on Sunday, March 6.

The vigil held by the Mining Injustice Solidarity Network at the convention of the Prospectors & Developers Association of Canada (PDAC) was presided over by Anglican priest Maggie Helwig. “We are here to name the dead,” she said.

The names of some two dozen victims of such violence were read out at the PDAC vigil. The protesters were then escorted out by police.

Canadian mining companies are among the worst human rights offenders on the planet. The most recent evidence of that is a 2014 report submitted to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. A 2009 report commissioned by PDAC but never made public also detailed targeted assassinations and persecution of activists and union leaders opposing Canadian projects abroad. 

It’s impossible to know exactly who killed each of these people. The vast majority of the cases have not been solved or in many cases even investigated. But they all have something in common: all were assassinated and all resisted Canadian mining projects. 



lagatta4 wrote:

Not to mention Indigenous leaders and climate defenders killed by Bolsonaro's henchmen.

The murder of 1,780 environmentalists identified in Global Witness's 2002 to 2018 reports is only a small fraction of those murdered globally. Not all of these murders involve Canadian firms nor the mining industry. Many of those attempting to protect the land, water and atmosphere live in remote regions where there is little or no law and their deaths are not even noted officially. Here is the url of the 2017 Global Witness report: (https://www.globalwitness.org/en/campaigns/environmental-activists/at-wh...)


According to the Brazilian environmental watchdog Comissao Pastoral da Terra (CPT), the death toll in Brazil alone is even worse than that reported by Global Witness. Note that the article below is from BEFORE Bolsonaro came to power.

More than 1,500 Brazilians have been killed trying to protect the Amazon rain forest over the past 25 years, and some 2,000 more have received death threats. ...

For decades, Brazil has struggled with how to manage the staggering natural resources of the Amazon. The region, which is nearly the size of the contiguous United States, shelters 10 percent of the Earth's known species. The Nature Conservancy, a nonprofit environmental group, estimates that an average four-square-mile plot in the Amazon contains 750 species of trees, 400 species of birds, and 150 species of butterflies. The rich soil means there's also huge financial potential for farming and livestock. In the 1970s, the country's dictatorship inaugurated a policy known as integrar para não entregar (­"Occupy it, or risk losing it"), and a frenetic landgrab ensued. The new land barons seized vast tracts of forest, which they promptly clear-cut. The timber was sold to foreign countries or burned to make charcoal, and the land was planted with soybeans or populated with cattle.

This, in part, has led to Brazil's emergence as a global economic power. It is already the world's largest exporter of beef and the second-largest supplier of soybeans. ...

In July 2011, public outcry over the violence forced the Brazilian government to announce that it would provide protection to approximately 130 threatened activists, and at the end of September, four months after Zé and Maria's deaths, the country's Council of Justice unveiled plans to create a special task force to investigate the killing of activists. According to federal prosecutor Pontes, however, only five of the 40 threatened activists in Pará have received any government protection. A spokeswoman for the Council of Justice said that her office has actually reduced the number of unsolved murders from nearly 700 to 74. ("The court figured that a dispute over land was not the main reason behind many of the murders," she said.)

Brent Rushforth, a lawyer in Washington, D.C., who in 2005 helped Brazil prosecute the killers of a 73-year-old American nun and rain forest activist named Dorothy Stang, blames flaws in the country's legal system for the inefficacy of these programs. "Brazilian criminal law is a stew that's made up of common law, Napoleonic code, and Brazilian salsa," Rushforth says. "The Amazon is so vast and completely unfettered to any true rule of law." Rushforth says that to find the men who killed Stang, the Brazilian government had to send its army into the rain forest – and it did so only in response to international pressure.

Many believe that the Brazilian legislature operates under the undue influence of the ranchers, who have the money to win favor. ...

 The Brazilian congress voted to amend the country's forest code, granting amnesty to ranchers who have illegally cleared land while also reducing the percentage of holdings that they're required to preserve. As an ecologist with Greenpeace put it, "Brazil woke up to the news of the murders of two leading environmental activists, and it's going to bed with the murder of the forest code."

Meanwhile, the killings and death threats continue.



In September another prominent indigenous Earth Defender was assassinated in Brazil as Bolsonaro continues to pillage the Amazon and murder those who speak up against this. 

Dwellings of an uncontacted tribe in the state of Acre, Brazil.

Maxciel Pereira dos Santos, a veteran defender of Brazil’s indigenous people, has reportedly been shot dead in a remote Amazon town while riding his motorcycle. ..

Santos worked at FUNAI for the past 12 years, where he defended both contacted and uncontacted Brazilian tribes from miners, loggers, farmers, and anyone else seeking to seize land in the Amazon rainforest. As Reuters pointed out, Santos was reportedly “murdered execution-style” in front of his family members. Police investigators have yet to disclose potential suspects or a motive, reports Folha de São Paulo. ...

The incident coincides with rising international concern about the state of the Amazon rainforest, and its unfolding destruction. More than 100,000 fires have ignited in the Amazon this year, almost all of which have been intentionally ignited to clear land. Fingers of blame can be squarely pointed in the direction of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, who has cut funding for the protection of the Amazon and the prevention of wildfires. The new president has also expressed his support for loggers and farmers setting the blazes while ignoring the rightsof Brazil’s indigenous people.

In its statement, INA claimed that Santos’ was murdered in retaliation for his work at the Vale do Javari Reservation where he protected indigenous people from the “illegal invasions” by hunters, miners, loggers, and others. Vale do Javari is roughly the size of Austria, and it’s home to the world’s largest population of uncontacted tribes. ...

Bioethicist Kerry Bowman from the University of Toronto has visited the Javari valley many times, learning about the relationship between forests, biodiversity, indigenous people, and climate change. Bowman personally met Santos several times in his role with FUNAI.

“I respected him greatly—he was a very brave man,” Bowman told Earther. “His death highlights how standing up for environmental and indigenous rights protection can cost people their lives.” ...

“Budgets have been slashed and protection is now minimal and increasingly challenged,” said Bowman. “The protection of places like the Javari represent not just environmental and human rights protection but also secures a climate shield, which benefits us all.” 

Sadly, it’s not uncommon for Brazilian activists to be killed. Recent researchshows 684 environmental defenders have been murdered protecting the natural world from exploitation. Many were killed in Brazil where 56 defenders alone were murdered in 2017, and Bolsonaro’s election last year could only raise the stakes.

As Bowman noted that Bolsonaro’s choice of Marcelo Xavier da Silva to lead FUNAI is troublesome news given his far-right views. He also has strong connections with Big Agricuture, which the Guardian points out, “the move effectively puts Brazil’s powerful agribusiness sector in charge of indigenous affairs.” As a taste, here’s what Silva told reporters in July:



Earth Defenders, many of them indigenous, around the world are under threat, with many more killed in remote rural areas than the 684 confirmed murdered in last 15 years, as the following report acknowledges. The report also expresses great concern for the rapid increase in deaths since Bolsonaro came to power in Brazil, with 56 confirmed murdered during his first year in power alone.  

Indigenous people are particularly at risk. This indigenous man from the Guarani Mbya community in Brazil was protesting to have his people’s voice heard in a land rights dispute in February 2019.

Fighting to protect your land is a risky task. A new study shows that every year, more people are killed defending their environment than those killed while deployed to war zones from the United Kingdom and Australia combined. ...

The Nature Sustainability study confirmed at least 684 defenders have been killed protecting their land over the past 15 years. That’s likely an underestimate as language barriers and lack of human rights advocates in some countries make the deaths difficult to track. Among those killed are community activists, journalists, lawyers, and indigenous peoples. The latter group has been disproportionately targeted with indigenous people accounting for 40 percent of all environmental defenders deaths in 2015 and 2016 and 30 percent of deaths in 2017. ...

Most deaths relate to issues around agribusiness where a government or private entity wants some land to grow their crops on, but the people who live on the land or depend on it for their sustenance resist. Environmental defenders have also died in large numbers fending off mining and resource extraction. That means the metals in your smartphone, the fossil fuels that power your home, and even the food you eat can come at a cost to the people who live near them.

Unfortunately, the number of deaths is increasing annually. The study blames the high death rate largely on the weak rule of law. Forty-three percent of homicides go convicted globally, the report notes, but for environmental defenders murdered, the number is just 10 percent. Corruption within some police forces or courts makes any murder tough to solve, particularly if police are involved in the killing. If there’s no mechanism to protect people, it can embolden more extrajudicial killings. ...

The paper authors highlight the case of Brazil, which has seen an outsized number of deaths even before the country elected Jair Bolsonaro, a far-right fascist, president this year. In 2017, 56 environmental defenders were killed in the country alone. That’s on the scale of some armed conflicts, the study notes, which are marked by about 25 deaths a year. Police officers are the main suspects for a massacre in 2017 related to land conflicts.

Bolsonaro has been clear about his intentions to expand industry in the Amazon Rainforest. Since his election, deforestation rates have been on the rise in the rainforest that’s home to indigenous communities. The president has denieddeforestation is happening and recently fired a top scientist at Brazil’s National Space and Research Institute for speaking out about the issue. Advocates and environmentalists have worried about what his presidency will mean for environmental defenders; just last month miners killed an indigenous leader in northern Brazil.



Extinction Rebellion finished a week of protests in Canada with a die-in in Montreal.

Climate activist group Extinction Rebellion perform a die-in protest in downtown Montreal on Sunday, Oct. 13, 2019.

It was how the group of climate activists who scaled a Montreal bridge and overtook a downtown street last week ended their “Rebellion Week” on Sunday. ...

Their message to Montrealers was to stop drinking the “Kool-Aid of denial, despair, inaction, and guilt when it comes to climate change facts”. ...

Activist and group leader 14-year-old Bea Mellett said the idea behind the demonstration was to sensitize and educate the public. “(We’re) educating people about the psychological barriers that stop them from taking action and to encourage them to finally come with us as a group because we’re here to support them and we’re all in this together,” said Mellett. ...

Saturday, the group raised banners and flags at pedestrian crossings, aiming to “sensitize” drivers and pedestrians to the urgency of climate change. “Everyone is being very insincere about their actions,” Mellett said. “For example, our current prime minister declared the climate emergency in Canada and a day after approved the trans mountain pipeline and I’m sick of seeing people lead our country down such a bad path.”

The group said their aim is to continue protesting through non-violent civil disobedience demonstrations until governments take serious climate change action.


epaulo13 epaulo13's picture

Outrage as Police Order a Total Ban on Extinction Rebellion Protests in London

Any assembly of two or more people linked to the climate group is now illegal.


All over the world, the movement’s activists have faced a crackdown from law enforcement in response to their radical direct action — and in London, police have gone a step further: a total ban on all demonstrations across the city linked to the environmental group.

Late on Monday evening, London’s Metropolitan Police issued a revised Section 14 Notice — a direction under the Public Order Act that allows them to impose conditions on public protest — that banned “any assembly linked to the Extinction Rebellion ‘autumn uprising’.” In this instance, “assembly” means a public gathering of two or more people.

Immediately, police moved in to clear the camp set up over the past week in Trafalgar Square. But — given that many of the movement’s members are more than willing to risk arrest — there were no plans to cease the campaign of disruption and civil disobedience over the course of the week.

There have been 1,642 arrests made in the capital so far — already far more than the April protests in which over 1,000 people were arrested.


Last week indigenous and the environmental group Extinction Rebellion protested against the opening of the Frontier  Mine that would increase oilsands greenhouse gas emissions by 20%. 


Protesters against approval of Teck's Frontier oilsands mine gather on 9th Avenue S.E. in Calgary on Wednesday, Jan. 22, 2020. The protest was countered by a pro-oilsands group. JIM WELLS/POSTMEDIA


About 100 protesters gathered outside of a downtown Calgary office Wednesday morning to rally for — and against — a proposed oilsands mine in northern Alberta.

Protesters from both the pro-pipeline Canada Action and the environmentalist Extinction Rebellion groups convened outside Teck Resources’ office on 9th Avenue S.E., calling on the federal government to back or reject the $20.6-billion Frontier project.

“We’re putting pressure on the government to take action on the climate crisis that we feel is bearing down on society,” said Extinction Rebellion spokeswoman Sarah Flynn. “We feel that the Teck mine is for many reasons not in line with Canada’s goals, so we’re here to put pressure on the government to reject this proposal.”



In an open letter to the Trudeau Liberal government 246 academics in support of indigenous groups and Extinction Rebellion have called on the government to act now to help avert a global collapse due to climate change. 

XR encampment on the steps of the Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building, January 31, 2020. Photograph by Kai McCall. 

We represent a diverse group of academics working at universities and colleges across Canada who can no longer stand by in the face of human-driven climate change. 

In October 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published an alarmingreport confirming that climate change is posing a serious and unprecedented threat to the diversity and stability of life on earth. We face the imminent possibility of global eco-system collapse and mass social upheaval, and have little time to act. 

For this reason, we the undersigned are united in the call for the Canadian government to take radical action in addressing the climate emergency. We are also united in the call for Canadian universities to divest funds from the fossil fuel industry that is contributing to the climate crisis, and to redirect investments toward the renewable energy sector and other climate-enhancing technologies.

In doing so, we support the efforts of the international group Extinction Rebellion (XR), which is calling attention to our extreme predicament. With XR, we are particularly concerned about the threshold for runaway climate change, which would lead to irreversible catastrophic changes that would impact us all. To keep below the 1.5°C increase in temperature that the IPCC report strongly urges we do not exceed, we must cut global CO2 emissions by 45% by the year 2030.

As an affluent country that has historically emitted vastly more greenhouse gas emissions than the global average, Canada has a moral and practical responsibility to reduce its emissions much faster than the average rate. Allocating Canada a share of emissions remaining under 1.5°C proportional to its population size would require full decarbonization by 2025, aligning with XR’s demand.

To meet this target, we must begin substantially reducing emissions as rapidly as possible — this means that after decades of intransigence, inaction, and rising emissions, we cannot afford to delay a moment longer. Given the extremely small window of time we have, nothing less than the drastic, systemic changes XR demands are necessary: 1) that the Canadian government acknowledge the climate emergency — not just rhetorically but in how it acts — by using its powers to make the threat of the climate emergency as widely known as possible; 2) that the Canadian government enact legally-binding policies to halt biodiversity loss and reduce carbon emissions to net zero by 2025; 3) that the transition be supervised by a citizen assembly endowed with decision-making powers, in order to ensure an effective and equitable process; and 4) that the energy transition is just for all Canadians, especially those already marginalized and neglected in the current economy.

Standing with XR, we are thus demanding that the Canadian government enact laws for a mobilization of society not seen since the Second World War to meet the 2025 net zero CO2 emissions target.

And because Canada’s past and future warming is double that of the global average, destroying the fabric of life of the Inuit and other indigenous groups and contributing to their ongoing oppression, we also demand, with XR, that our government collaborates with indigenous members of society in our country and around the world toward climate justice. Strong collaborations, as well as protections, must also be systemically created with and for the poor in both affluent nations and in the Global South, those who face economic persecution simply because of their race, religion, sexuality or gender, and anyone who has been most affected by unchecked resource extraction in the service of an economic system that promises unsustainable growth.

We refuse to continue supporting politicians who claim to be concerned about climate change while simultaneously approving oil pipelines, tar sands mines, and gas liquefaction facilities.



Extinction Rebellion was back in action in the UK in September, leading to complaints against them by the PM and the leader of the Labour Party. You are getting somewhere when they no longer ignore you. 

Extinction Rebellion has also started working with Black and other minority groups, as is discussed below. 

Numbers demonstrating on the streets have been smaller but the actions much more targeted 


 ‘We desperately need groups like XR to highlight the political and economic actors that are driving this climate crisis’. Illustration: Guardian Design

A few minutes before Boris Johnson’s convoy swept past on his way to prime minister’s questions this week, around a dozen people stepped off the pavement and into the middle of the busy junction outside parliament.

As they hurriedly sat down and tried to glue their hands to the road, they were surrounded by scores of police officers. Within seconds they were lifted – or dragged – back to the pavement. The protest was over almost before it had begun and minutes later the prime minister’s motorcade sped past unhindered.

The action was one of scores of Extinction Rebellion non-violent civil disobedience protests – from a migrant justice demonstration outside the Home Office to blockading a slaughterhouse in Manchester – that have been taking place in major cities across the UK over the past two weeks to try to highlight the escalating climate crisis.

Unlike XR’s previous rebellions in April and October last year, which saw thousands of people blockade large parts of central London day after day, protesters have focused on what they say are some of the the key actors driving the climate crisis – from the UK government to rightwing thinktanks and media companies, fossil fuel corporations to big infrastructure projects.

Numbers on the streets have been smaller – mainly because of the impact of the coronavirus pandemic – and the more targeted actions have caused neither the same level of disruption or gripped the public imagination to the same extent as they did last year.

However, XR organiser say its more focused campaign have given the movement a renewed sense of purpose.

“In the past we have raised a very generalised alarm which needed doing,” said Clare Farrell of XR. “But there are things that are structurally important to understand about the causal reality of this crisis and I think we have done a fantastic job of drawing attention to them.”

‘Free the truth’

key target of the protests was rightwing thinktanks and lobbying organisations that campaigners say play a crucial role in downplaying the climate crisis. Last week, XR activists joined novelists, poets and playwrights, including Mark Rylance and Zadie Smith, to demonstrate outside 55 Tufton Street in London, a venue infamous for hosting meetings of thinktanks and lobbying outfits linked to climate science denial and the oil industry. ...

A few days later, XR upped the ante, using trucks and bamboo scaffolds to block roads outside the printing presses of a raft of national newspapers – including the Sun, Times, Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail and Mail on Sunday – with banners reading “Free The Truth” and “5 Crooks Control Our News”.

The action not only blocked the printing presses of those newspapers, it also had a knock on effect of the distribution of other titles, including the Guardian. For the first time since the protests began, XR was high up the news agenda and once again the subject of heated public debate. The nature and target of the protests drew stinging criticism, with the prime minister and home secretary Priti Patel accusing XR of undermining democracy and a free press, and branding the group “criminals” and a threat to the British way of life. In anonymous briefings the government even floated the idea of classing XR as an “organised crime group”.

And it was not just the Conservative party who criticised the action. Labour leader Keir Starmer said the blockade was “an attack on the cornerstone of democracy” and the newspapers themselves, as well as media commentators and the Society of Editors, have since lined up to denounce the group.

But for XR – and many in the wider environment movement – the action was deemed legitimate and necessary. They argued that much of the rightwing press, owned by a handful of billionaires, have played a key role in downplaying the climate crisis and undermining the structural changes needed to address it – that much of our press, in fact, is far from free.

Angus Satow, co-founder of the leftwing grassroots environmental group Labour for a Green New Deal, told the Guardian: “We desperately need groups like XR to highlight the political and economic actors that are driving this climate crisis. Many of the big ideas that were being discussed in relation to the climate crisis when the coronavirus hit seem to have been forgotten by politicians who are scrabbling to get us back to a normal that will be disastrous. 

“We need groups like XR and the school strike movement to keep the pressure on and drive the climate crisis up the agenda.”

Zoë Blackler, a journalist working in XR’s media team, said that despite the backlash from the establishment, the protest at the print works had been “really galvanising across the movement”.

She said that although it had brought a huge amount of negative media coverage – with journalists trawling through the private lives of those involved, contacting former members for information on the group and approaching funders to disown them – she hoped it had also opened up a space for important conversations about the climate crisis and media ownership. I can imagine there are conversations going on in newsrooms now about how they cover the climate and ecological crisis ... I hope when things have settled down this will lead to real progress in the quality of the reporting.” ...

criticism of XR ahead of its latest rebellion, especially from black and ethnic minority groups, was that its tactic of encouraging mass arrests ignored the reality of police racism, and effectively made the protests the preserve of privileged white people.

The September protests aimed to be different, with XR working more closely with other groups and recognising the connections between structural racism, inequality and the climate crisis.

Daze Aghaji, who has been involved with XR since the beginning of last year, said the last two weeks had been the most diverse rebellion so far.

“There is still loads of work to do on this but we are learning … we are having good conversations with other groups, listening and making sure we are much better at making sure everyone knows they are welcomed.”

Black environmental activists outside of XR say the movement was making some progress but urged the media to highlight the work of other grassroots groups who are focusing on climate and racial justice.

As XR wound up its latest rebellion on Thursday, it was already preparing its next campaign. According to those involved it will take the form of a “Money Strike” – with people encouraged to withhold debt or taxes from institutions deemed to be fuelling not only the climate crisis but also structural racism and wider inequality.

Launched less than two years ago, the group is still thinking big. Its actions over the past two weeks did not capture the public imagination in the way it had done in April last year. By attacking the rightwing media, they have made a formidable enemy – and according to some critics, may have distracted the press and the public from their core message about the climate crisis.

But as evidence of the climate and ecological emergency mounts – from melting glaciers in the Antarctic to wildfires in California and the widespread destruction of wildlife and the natural world – XR still believes it has a crucial role to play.

As Boris Johnson stood up in parliament for PMQs on Wednesday, 92-year-old Arnold Pease, from Manchester, was being arrested outside for his part in the protests.

As he was being led away by police, Pease said: “We’re here to continue holding them to account. They call 92-year-old great grandparents ‘organised criminals’ for doing what’s necessary to protect their grand kids? The government’s criminal inaction on the greatest existential threat we’ve ever faced is the real story.”