‘Slow-Motion Disaster’: Who’s Overseeing Site C?

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‘Slow-Motion Disaster’: Who’s Overseeing Site C?


A landslide at the Site C construction site, April 15, 2018. Photo: Arlene Boon

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‘Slow-Motion Disaster’: As Canada’s New Hydro Dams Spiral Out of Control, Who’s Overseeing Site C?

Peace River Valley farmers Ken and Arlene Boon were at a lookout on a neighbour’s property on Sunday when they spotted a fresh landslide at the Site C dam construction site.

Arlene snapped some photos of the latest geotechnical issue to dog the troubled project and posted one on Facebook, with the caption: “just more of the north hill sliding down to the bottom.”

Given that the slide is on the same hill where recent attempts to stabilize the riverbank are encroaching on infrastructure for the $470 million Site C dam workers’ camp, including its water line and parking lot, the couple was not surprised to see the latest slump.

But they are astounded that the NDP government is keeping the public in the dark when it comes to details about geotechnical problems, rising contract costs and other major issues plaguing the largest publicly funded infrastructure project in B.C.’s history.

“It seems that under the NDP there’s a bigger cloak of silence,” Ken Boon, president of the Peace Valley Landowner Association, told DeSmog Canada.

“They’re just going to sit on all this bad news. It’s out of sight and out of mind.”

No public access to detailed Site C information

As soon as the B.C. Utilities Commission completed a fast-tracked review of the Site C project last November, the door slammed shut on public access to detailed information about the $10.7 billion project on the Peace River in northeast B.C.

Normally, the independent utilities commission — acting in the public interest — would provide ongoing oversight during project construction.

But the former B.C. Liberal government changed the law to remove the BCUC from scrutinizing the Site C dam, which the commission had previously rejected as an energy option.

Instead of fully restoring the commission’s watchdog role, the NDP government announced in December that it would create a new Site C “Project Assurance Board” as part of a turnaround plan to contain escalating project costs.

The new board has been meeting since January, even though its composition has not been finalized, according to an email from the B.C. energy ministry.

Yet the public has heard nothing about the board’s findings, even though a major Site C contract — to build the project’s generating station and spillways — was recently awarded for $350 million more than documents (accidentally released last fall) revealed that BC Hydro had budgeted.

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..from the above piece


Meanwhile, in Labrador and Manitoba…

In Newfoundland and Labrador, a $37.5 million Commission of Inquiry is underway — including a forensic audit — to determine where things went sideways with the hugely over-budget Muskrat Falls dam, whose $12.7 billion price tag will add $1,800 a year to the annual hydro bills of every household in the province.

Vardy said while the commission can pinpoint what went wrong and make recommendations, it can’t address what he calls the “democratic deficit.”

“Which is what happened in our governance system that allowed us to go down this road without correction,” Vardy said in an interview.

In Manitoba, where the over-budget Keeyask dam is also causing hydro rates to soar, the former head of the province’s Public Utilities Board is among those calling for a forensic audit to examine why things went so wrong.

Graham Lane, who chaired the utilities board from 2004 to 2012, said the situation in Manitoba is so dire that he and others are calling for an immediate halt to construction of the Keeyask dam, even though up to $4.5 billion in sunk costs have been incurred.

That compares to about $2 billion in sunk costs for Site C.

“This story isn’t going to end very well,” Lane, a retired chartered accountant, said in an interview. “It’s never too late to stop.”

Manitoba hydro customers now face compounding eight per cent rate increases each year for six years in a row as a result of over-spending on the Keeyask dam and related transmission lines.

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Anti-Site C petition approved by Elections BC

Elections B.C. has approved an application to try to stop the Site C dam construction project using the province’s recall and initiative law.

The petitioner is identified as Ion Delsol Moruso, a Cowichan Valley resident who was among those signing a letter to Premier John Horgan in February opposing the dam. The petition is to be issued in July, giving organizers 90 days to collect signatures of at least 10 per cent of registered voters in each of B.C.’s 87 electoral districts.

The law has only been used successfully once, to force the cancellation of the harmonized sales tax in 2010.

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Feds surprise B.C. by abstaining on Site C dam legal challenge

The German word schadenfreude immediately sprang to mind for Victoria lawyer Robert Janes when he heard the surprise news that the federal government will not contest an interim injunction application by a Treaty 8 First Nation seeking to halt work on the Site C dam.

Janes said there are many officials in Ottawa who believe the B.C. government is deliberately putting Ottawa in an untenable position on the Kinder Morgan pipeline expansion championed by Alberta and the federal government.

“That has probably not created a lot of willingness on the part of the federal government to bail B.C. out of the fight that B.C. has chosen to have with the Treaty 8 First Nations,” said Janes, a litigator with extensive experience representing First Nations.

“I’m sure there are many federal politicians and officials having the feeling of schadenfreude or, as the German say, happiness in the misery of others, as they look at B.C. in this situation. But that of course is purely speculative.”

The decision leaves the B.C. government to stand alone in court this July fighting West Moberly First Nations, which brought the injunction application pending a full civil trial that aims to terminate the Site C project on the grounds that it infringes on treaty rights.

The question of whether the Site C dam infringes on treaty rights has never been tested in the courts, and a favourable ruling for First Nations could shut down the entire Peace River hydro project.

Tim Thielmann, a lawyer for West Moberly First Nations and Prophet River First Nation, said Canada’s position appears to be unprecedented.

Thielmann said he is not aware of any other case in Canada in which a government has elected not to defend its own authorizations from being struck down by litigation brought by First Nations.

The Site C dam required multiple federal authorizations to proceed, including one permit that granted BC Hydro permission to cause “serious harm” to fish habitat.

“They [the federal government] say that they do not consent to the injunction,” Thielmann said in an interview. “But they do not oppose the injunction. What they say is they take no position. It’s the equivalent of abstaining on a vote.”


Contradictory positions from federal government

The federal move also shines a national spotlight on the B.C. government’s contradictory position towards First Nations, a position that Chief Roland Willson of West Moberly First Nations called “hypocrisy.”

“They’re playing hardball on Kinder Morgan,” Willson said in an interview. “They’re saying ‘let’s stop everything and let the courts decide,’ but here on Site C they’re just rolling ahead.”

“We’ve asked them numerous times to stop. That’s the part that’s hard to understand. They’re saying one thing for Kinder Morgan but totally saying the complete opposite on Site C. They’re speaking out of both sides of their mouth.”

Like the federal government, B.C.’s NDP government has pledged to advance reconciliation and to uphold the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which states that large resource projects such as the Site C dam must have the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous peoples.

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‘You take us off the land, and you destroy a piece of who we are’

The following is an excerpt from Breaching the Peace: The Site C Dam and a Valley’s Stand Against Big Hydro, by Sarah Cox, released this month.

For Chief Willson and other First Nations, BC Hydro’s response to multiple requests to leave the gravesites and sweat lodge untouched, and to reroute the new highway, encapsulated everything egregious and unbalanced about the entire Site C process.

It also underscored that the B.C. government, through BC Hydro, was in the driver’s seat, while the valley’s people were captive, seat-belted passengers speeding to a finish line they had no wish to reach.

As the chiefs soon discovered, the recommendations of Canada’s landmark Truth and Reconciliation Commission meant little when it came to Site C. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s election promise to forge a new relationship with Canada’s First Peoples came to mean even less when the new federal government did not exercise its power to pause Site C construction, at least until First Nations court cases were resolved.

Grand Chief [Stewart] Phillip, the long-standing president of the B.C. Union of Indian Chiefs, used the words “blatant hypocrisy” and “racist double standards” to describe the provincial government’s treatment of the First Nations members who were fighting Site C. Perry Bellegarde, the national chief of the Assembly of First Nations, declared that proceeding with Site C contravened both Canadian and international law, for it trampled on the ability of Treaty 8 First Nations to exercise their inherent and treaty rights.

Willson, for his part, said the B.C. government was punishing his First Nation because they refused to be, in Willson’s words, “good little Indians.”


“What we’re opposed to,” he insisted, “are the unnecessary impacts of Site C. Site C is 100 per cent unnecessary.”

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Site C Injunction Request Has Strong Argument But Poor Odds

The federal government made a splash in the Site C news cycle earlier this month when Attorney General Jody Wilson-Raybould announced it would not oppose an injunction application from two First Nations groups. It means the B.C. government and BC Hydro will go into the injunction hearing, scheduled for mid-summer, without the federal government on their side. It also removes a heavyweight influence in court.

“It’s significant that one of the governments, whose authorization stands to be struck down by this injunction, has decided that they will not oppose it,” said Tim Thielmann, general counsel for the nations, saying the courts tend to defer to the Crown’s position on understanding public interest.

Beyond that, it’s not clear the federal government’s absence will change anything. UBC Indigenous law professor Gordon Christie says it’s an interesting move that won’t amount to much.

“I think they’re trying to change the image they’re projecting, but they’re picking a situation that it doesn’t really seem to lead to a different outcome,” Christie said. “So it looks good for them, but they’re also probably well aware of the fact that B.C. will fight tooth and nail to have the dam construction continue, so they don’t have to do anything.”


The injunction application, filed in January, is related to two civil suits filed by West Moberly and Prophet River First Nations. The two nations argue that Site C and the combined effects of the two other dams on the Peace River are an unjustified infringement of Treaty 8 rights. Previous court challenges have been unable to address this question because they were judicial reviews, a streamlined process.

“Because work on the project is proceeding, it was necessary to bring an interim injunction to ask the court to suspend work on the dam so that the rights that we say are being infringed aren’t gone before the First Nations can have their day in court,” Thielmann said.

West Moberly is asking for a full stop of construction except for any preservation activities needed to maintain the site until the civil case is heard. Failing that, it’s asked for work to be stopped on 13 critical areas. It also requested an expedited trial date.

Most impacts from the dam are irrevocable; if the injunction fails, the infringed rights can’t be restored. The only recourse will be monetary.

“I suspect that the Treaty 8 nations have a reasonable chance at winning the infringement case, but what will that mean?” Christie said. “It will just mean they get some compensation. Taxpayers will be on the hook — and of course no government official is going to suffer at all from this. They’ll have the dam built, and the water will flood the valley, and the oil and gas industry will have their cheap power to continue their fracking operations up there.”

Rev Pesky

From above posted article:

Christie said. “It will just mean they get some compensation. ... They’ll have the dam built, and the water will flood the valley, and the oil and gas industry will have their cheap power to continue their fracking operations up there.”

That's kind of interesting, because up 'til now the excuse for the opposition was that the Site C power was going to be used for the LNG industry.

Martin N.

For some background on this issue, I found it very informative to research the origin and effect of Treaty 8. 

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Rev Pesky wrote:

From above posted article:

Christie said. “It will just mean they get some compensation. ... They’ll have the dam built, and the water will flood the valley, and the oil and gas industry will have their cheap power to continue their fracking operations up there.”

That's kind of interesting, because up 'til now the excuse for the opposition was that the Site C power was going to be used for the LNG industry.

..i've always used the term lng industry to encompass the extraction as well.

..that aside i remember posting a piece a while back about site c also being used to power fracking. i recall you calling it nonsense or some such thing and saying it wasn't possible.

..are you now conceding that point? or is this just another attempt by you to try and discredit the point that site c is being built to power lng.

Rev Pesky

epaulo13 wrote:

..are you now conceding that point? or is this just another attempt by you to try and discredit the point that site c is being built to power lng.

I would say the amount of evidence that Site C electricity will be used for fracking or LNG is about the same. That is, there isn't any evidence for either. 

However, I'm willing to listen to any evidence you have, for either. But just saying so doesn't constitue evidence.

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BC Hydro says three LNG companies continue to demand electricity, justifying Site C

Despite recent project cancellations, BC Hydro still expects three LNG projects — and possibly a fourth, which is undergoing a feasibility study — will need power from its controversial and expensive Site C hydroelectric dam.

In a letter sent to the British Columbia Utilities Commission (BCUC) on Oct. 3, BC Hydro’s chief regulatory officer Fred James said the provincially owned utility’s load forecast includes power demand for three proposed liquefied natural gas projects because they continue to ask the company for power.


In a redacted section of the report, BC Hydro also raises the possibility of a fourth LNG project, which is exploring the need for power in B.C.

“BC Hydro is currently undertaking feasibility studies for another large LNG project, which is not currently included in its Current Load Forecast,” one section of the report notes, though the remainder of the section is redacted.


The gas that will be shipped as LNG will actually be LFG.  The worst lies about gas power for homes is allowing the term natural to be attached to the gas that they are selling which is largely extracted by the fracking process.  LNG and fracking are insepearable parts of Canada's mad rush to sell as much carbon as possible before its too late. Our oil oligarchy plays all the parties really well.

Site C is a broken BC NDP promise.  I guess those BC oil lobbyists Moe Sihota and Ken Georgetti still have sway.  The two of them have done more to destroy the democratic left in the BC NDP and the labour movement than any right wingers attacks.

Martin N.

epaulo13 wrote:

Rev Pesky wrote:

From above posted article:

Christie said. “It will just mean they get some compensation. ... They’ll have the dam built, and the water will flood the valley, and the oil and gas industry will have their cheap power to continue their fracking operations up there.”

That's kind of interesting, because up 'til now the excuse for the opposition was that the Site C power was going to be used for the LNG industry.

..i've always used the term lng industry to encompass the extraction as well.

..that aside i remember posting a piece a while back about site c also being used to power fracking. i recall you calling it nonsense or some such thing and saying it wasn't possible.

..are you now conceding that point? or is this just another attempt by you to try and discredit the point that site c is being built to power lng.

Upstream natural gas extraction has little to do with liquefied natural gas except to provide the feedstock.

While Site C or any other electrical generation source can power an LNG plant, fracking, by its nature must be portable, ie: large diesel powered compressors mounted on tractor- trailer combinations. Site C power cannot be used for fracking.

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Site C is a broken BC NDP promise.

..site c is more than a broken promise it's a betrayal on a notley scale. the deliberately lies as there was never any intention to seriously consider stopping the dam's construction. included was all the crocodile tears shed by those ndp caucus members who spoke in public about the difficulty of the decision. 

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..i repeat a notley sized betrayal.

British Columbians shortchanged billions from fossil fuel industry revenues

Earlier this year, Premier John Horgan announced that the British Columbia government was prepared to offer billions of dollars in tax breaks to Royal Dutch Shell should the global fossil fuel giant build a massive liquefied natural gas plant on our province’s north coast.

Absent from the news then, however, was any mention of how the public is being shortchanged billions of dollars in revenues from the fossil fuel industry regardless of whether Shell proceeds with its LNG Canada project or not.

Happily picking up where the previous BC government left off, the current government allows Shell and its competitors to dramatically reduce the royalties they pay on natural gas and other hydrocarbons they drill and frack from the ground in BC’s northeast quarter.

Now, in an ominous development, our government says we are not even entitled to know how much the government actually subsidizes individual energy companies.

In mid-March, the government passed an amendment to the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act. Ministry of Finance officials say the new “confidentiality” provision prevents them from disclosing what individual fossil fuel companies pay in royalties.

If this stands, British Columbians of all political leanings ought to worry.

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..more from #16


Companies like Shell gain access to our fossil fuel resources when our government sells them “subsurface rights”. After those sales, companies may produce natural gas and other fossil fuels by drilling and fracking them from the ground. But once they do so, they must pay royalties on what they extract. Those royalties then help the provincial government pay for a very tiny portion of our health, education and other public service costs.

I say tiny because the public benefits derived from those royalties are dropping faster than a stone through water.

In fiscal year 2008, according to the “upstream development division” of BC’s Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, British Columbians received $1.16 billion in royalty revenues. By 2017, however, revenues had fallen nearly 90 per cent to $147 million. Yet over that same time, natural gas production shot up 72 per cent and production of gas liquids such as condensate entered the stratosphere, climbing by 250 per cent. Virtually all of the increased output was piped east to Alberta’s oil sands industry.

Now, the government that provided those generous subsidies says the public is not entitled to know what individual companies pay in royalties.

Is our government afraid to let us know? You be the judge.

Every time Shell or its competitors drill deep or horizontal wells in BC – even though such wells are standard industry practice – our government grants them credits allowing them to claim back part of the costs of doing so. The credits translate into far lower royalty payments on the natural gas and gas liquids those companies produce.

In each of the last 10 years, Shell and others used those credits to reduce their royalties by a massive amount. In the last six years in particular, the write-downs were never less than 60 per cent and as high as 73 per cent. What this means is that collectively over the past decade British Columbians lost nearly $5 billion in additional royalty revenues.

And the subsidy train has only just pulled out of the station.

In a startling disclosure last November, BC Energy Minister Michelle Mungall said the current value of outstanding credits is $3.2 billion – a whopping $1.1 billion more than the previous year. That eyebrow-raising jump in the credit account is two times greater than the previous record for an annual increase. Yet when asked to elaborate on the unprecedented increase, Mungall’s communication’s director, David Haslam, declined to provide any concrete explanation.


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Bureaucrats prepared Site C dam press release a week before NDP reportedly made decision to proceed

B.C. energy ministry staff were instructed to prepare a press package saying the Site C dam would proceed almost a week before Premier John Horgan held final deliberations with his Cabinet, according to documents released under Freedom of Information (FOI) legislation.

Energy ministry bureaucrats and BC Hydro also compiled information for the NDP government to demonstrate that terminating the $10.7 billion Site C project would nail BC Hydro customers with higher hydro bills, according to the documents.

The rising hydro bill scenario was later overstated by the government to cast the worst possible light on the consequences of halting the project.

The FOI documents indicate that at least five days before the provincial cabinet met last December 6 and reportedly made the final decision to proceed with the Site C dam, and at least 10 days before Premier John Horgan announced “with a heavy heart” that the project would continue, senior officials in the lead ministry in charge of the file considered the decision a done deal.


According to the heavily redacted FOI documents, on or before December 1 the B.C. energy ministry asked BC Hydro to compile different scenarios to explain the impact of a 12 per cent hydro rate increase.

On December 2, BC Hydro president Chris O’Riley sent an email — with the subject heading “termination rate increase put in terms of customer bills” — to energy ministry deputy minister Dave Nikolejsin and assistant deputy minister Les MacLaren.

BC Hydro detailed examples of the impact of a 12 per cent rate hike in four different regions of the province, for three types of dwellings: single family dwellings, townhouses and apartments.

Out of 12 different scenarios BC Hydro sent to the B.C. energy ministry, the only one the government chose to highlight to reporters on the day of Horgan’s announcement was the most expensive scenario — the impact on a single family dwelling on Vancouver Island.

And even that scenario was taken out of context, because it was for a household with electric heat, rather than an oil or gas furnace — a detail omitted in final press documents prepared by the energy ministry.

According to Statistics Canada, only 28 per cent of B.C. households use electric heat.


Project financing experts told The Narwhal that the 12 per cent rate hike scenario presented by the government was out of step with standard practice for North American utilities that decide to discontinue an energy project.

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..a healthy side of bc hydro.

Skidegate on the way to becoming a "city of the future"

HlGaagilda (Skidegate) is on the way to becoming a city of the future. In a genuine effort to decrease diesel consumption, heat pumps have been installed in almost all of 350 homes and solar panels installed on all major buildings.


The band ordered so many heat pumps that the installer, Fujitsu Canada, sent a representative to the island to find out what was going on. The Fujitsu team was inspired by what they learned and gave the band reduced pricing for everyone who was interested in buying a pump. They also fit the George Brown Recreation Centre and community hall with heat pumps for free, Yovanovich explained.

"The money saved is both a big and small part of it," Stevens said. "Our main concern is for Mother Earth."

Heat pumps will be saving people about $100/month, which works out to over $400,000/year. This affects both Skidegate and the surrounding communities. Heat pumps improve air quality and circulation throughout the home or building, reduce mold and are cost efficient.

Stevens pointed to the heat pump above her head in the office, as it opened and closed in silence, working away to regulate the temperature of the room.

Working with B.C. Hydro, the band has started to install energy efficient upgrades in every home. Through the Energy Assistance Conservation Program, B.C. Hydro has changed light-bulbs to LED lighting, put pipe wrapping on hot water pipes, and draft-proofed windows and doors in many homes. Moraes said they bring B.C. Hydro members to the community to run workshops and give presentations that provide training and education for the community, building capacity and help the community to take even more meaningful steps towards energy self-dependence.

"We have a healthy relationship with B.C. Hydro," Moraes said, and the others agreed. "We have been collaborating with B.C. Hydro for over ten years and through them, piloted programs on-reserve, to become more sustainable."

The band council is currently working on building a small office for B.C. Hydro on the reserve. Media relations representative of B.C. Hydro, Susie Rieder said in an email that the heatpump project they helped fund is expected to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 570 tonnes a year. That's the equivalent of saving 750,000 kWh annually- enough to power 68 homes.

"We provided the band with over $250,000 in rebates to fund this project through our Home Rennovation Rebate Offer, where homeowners can receive rebates for a variety of energy-efficient upgrades," Rieder explained. "The Band also participates in our Net Metering program – designed for customers who want to generate electricity for their own use and to offset their load."

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After heat pumps came solar panels.

Empowered, literally, by the success of the heat pump project, the community looked at other clean energy initiatives. Skidegate rests on the southeastern side of the island and receives more sun that most other areas. Solar seemed like the natural next step.

"Solar energy is just starting to gain speed. People were afraid of it, because most things were high risk, high cost," Moraes said. "But solar prices have dropped significantly in the last ten years. More people want to work with solar, since panels are cheaper and batteries more efficient."

All of the Chief Administrative Officers on Haida Gwaii meet every one to two months. In a meeting, led by Kim Mushynsky, they collectively decided to "solar-up" one building in every community. Skidegate councilors chose to solarize the George Brown rec centre, a 50Kw project.

Moraes said solar offsets the demand of electricity from diesel generation. On October 13, 2016, more than 23,000 litres of diesel from a sunken barge devastated more than 60 per cent of the Heiltsuk Nation's clam beds. The catastrophic spill, and other spills and scares like it, emphasize the risk that oil tankers pose to the coast and the need for more appropriate marine response. Yovanovich said they don't want to see a similar disaster to the Nathan E. Stewart on their coast. As ambassadors of the land, moving away from diesel is a top priority, Moraes added.

After the rec building, the band council was inspired to solarize more buildings. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada had a big funding blitz, Stevens said, for “Canada150,” so the council took advantage of the moment and applied for funding to do the roofs on the Haida Heritage Centre. They also secured funding from Gwaii Trust, a locally-controlled perpetual trust fund, and smaller solar companies.

For the project, they contacted David Isaac, President of W Dusk Energy Group. With the support of Bullfrog Power, W Dusk sent a crew to Haida Gwaii, to install a uniquely designed solar project- the biggest of its kind in the province.

Isaac is Mi'kmaq, originally from Listuguj, Quebec, but raised in Vancouver. In a café downtown Vancouver, he said he started out working in healthcare, had studied to become a doctor, but always had an on and off relationship with energy. He decided to commit to clean energy, when he saw how Indigenous communities were leading the way for a more renewable future in Canada. After the Heritage Centre solar project, Isaac started saying, "If you can do solar in Haida Gwaii, you can do it anywhere."

"Initially we looked at wind, ocean and thermal heat pumps, a whole host of technologies, but we ended up coming full circle to solar," he explained. "When you add it all up, solar was the best option on a price per watt basis, and considering operation and maintenance."

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Peace Valley residents hold out hope for Site C dam injunction as eviction day looms

It was not a happy week for BC Hydro’s Site C dam project in northeast B.C.

First, the Alaska Highway News revealed that WorkSafeBC had slapped the project’s largest contractor, whose relationship with BC Hydro is already fraught with conflict, with a $310,000 fine for exposing workers to dangerous silica dust that can cause irreversible lung disease and cancer.

Then the same paper disclosed that BC Hydro has been hit with an order from B.C.’s environmental assessment office to control runoff water, soil erosion and sediment on the dam construction site — after BC Hydro failed to comply with a previous order to put a plan into place.

So what on earth is happening with the Site C project these days, especially since it has prematurely (and conveniently, for the NDP government) vanished from the shrinking story list of most provincial news outlets?

“A gong show,” is how Peace Valley farmer Ken Boon recently described the over-budget project, as he surveyed the construction site from a neighbour’s farm high above the Peace River.

“Most of what we’re watching right now is not building a dam,” Boon told The Narwhal.

“It’s mitigating the problems of this particular site. What they’ve been doing since 2015 is taking down the northern slope [of a Peace River bank] to make it stable enough to build a dam.”

Construction of the dam structure has not begun, with more than $2 billion of the project budget spent.


The farmers’ lookout, accessed through private fields, is the place where local residents go with binoculars to try to scope out what is really happening on the project, which the B.C. government removed from independent scrutiny after a fall review exposed serious geotechnical issues and revealed the final price tag could top $12.5 billion.

The NDP government has chosen not to restore the watchdog B.C. Utilities Commission with independent oversight of the Site C project — ensuring ready access to information for the public —  opting instead for a secretive “Site C Project Assurance” board whose findings have not been disclosed.


If the First Nations lose their application for an injunction to stop work on Site C until the case can be decided, Boon, whose family can be removed from their third-generation home by BC Hydro with two months’ notice, says it will likely be open season on the valley and its residents.

“If this injunction is not granted in midsummer, probably once the bird window is off and they’re permitted to start logging again, I imagine we could be seeing a lot more logging and activity taking place elsewhere in the valley at that time.”

Boon said valley residents are still finding the NDP government’s December decision to proceed with the project “tough.”

“People are still having a hard time dealing with that.”

“Obviously there’s great hope that an injunction or something will come along that will stop this project yet.”

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Site C: A Shakespearean Tragedy of BC Politics

If Shakespeare had been a Canadian, he would have written plays about the tragedy of dams and their power-crazed political proponents.

King Lear, for example, would have championed the nasty works of his engineering offspring while ignoring the true love of his river-keeping daughter.

Meanwhile his tragic dam building ambitions would destroy forests and displace aboriginal people. Walls of concrete would dethrone the sacred, and an engineered world would introduce more fragility to the natural one.

Fisheries would be ruined and mercury would poison the living for generations — and all for the glory of ambitious politicians and their technical servants.

And that is why Sarah Cox’s book about the destructive Site C dam is such an elegant and infuriating piece of journalism.

It chronicles how urban Canadian politicians continue to assault a critical river valley and why people in Treaty 8 country continue to resist what can only be described as a relentless form of state-sanctioned tyranny.

Over the last three years Cox, a Victoria-based reporter, travelled throughout Peace River country — a temperate and highly diverse Amazon — and talked to its local communities including ranchers, farmers, trappers and First Nations.

She quickly surmised that these hardy people knew a lot about BC Hydro and its legacy of lies....

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Site C dam facing ‘extremely high probability’ of major construction delay: expert witness

BC Hydro’s troubled Site C dam project, already behind schedule and vastly over-budget, faces an “extremely high probability” of at least a one-year construction delay, according to a leading expert in large hydro dam projects.  

Harvey Elwin, an expert witness in a First Nations application for an injunction to halt work on the Peace River dam, makes the statement and other revelations in a lengthy report filed late Wednesday in B.C. Supreme Court. 

The report’s significant findings contradict recent public assurances from BC Hydro and B.C. Energy Minister Michelle Mungall that the $10.7 billion project is on track, implying that costs are likely to soar further.

“Traditionally, there are major risks in dam and hydroelectric projects, especially when they have complex and challenging geology and foundations like the Site C Project,” notes Elwin’s 196-page report.

Elwin, who has held major leadership roles with large multinationals working on hydroelectric projects around the world, based his report in part on confidential BC Hydro documents released on condition that some information about the Site C project not be disclosed outside the courtroom. Sections of the report are accordingly redacted.

In an affidavit filed earlier as part of his expert testimony, Elwin describes the high level of confidentiality surrounding the Site C project as “extraordinary” and says he has never encountered such secrecy during his five decades designing, developing and managing large hydroelectric projects, including during his work on China’s Three Gorges dam, the world’s largest hydro facility....

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..more from the above


The nations will be in court for three weeks starting July 23 seeking an injunction to halt work on the Site C dam until their trial can be heard and a judgement is made. As an alternative, West Moberly First Nations is asking the court to consider an interim injunction suspending work in 13 areas the nation has identified as critical to preserving cultural practices guaranteed to them by Treaty 8.

West Moberly First Nations chief Roland Willson told The Narwhal he is not surprised by revelations in Elwin’s report about major risks to the Site C project and a likely delay.

“What I’m surprised by is how deep the secrecy is and how much they were hiding,” Willson said. “It’s quite shocking.”

“This project is a huge boondoggle. It’s been going sideways since the day they started the thing.”

In response to the West Moberly injunction application, BC Hydro claimed it will cost $660 million to suspend work in the critical areas for two years and $1.1 billion for a three-year suspension.

Elwin’s report demonstrates that work in the critical areas can be halted for up to 36 months without impacting any project milestones.

New problems with the Site C project have surfaced since a fast-tracked independent review last fall revealed that the project was behind schedule, over budget and plagued by geotechnical difficulties.

In May, WorkSafe BC fined Peace River Hydro Partners $310,000 for exposing workers to silica dust, which can cause lung disease and cancer.

Also in May, the B.C. Environmental Assessment Office issued an order to BC Hydro to control runoff water, soil erosion and sediment on the dam construction site, after BC Hydro failed to comply with a previous order to put a plan into place.

B.C. does not need power from the Site C project and the NDP government has said electricity from the Site C dam will be sold on the spot market for less than it costs to produce, leaving BC Hydro customers to make up the difference.

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Site C dam secrecy ‘extraordinary’, international hydro construction expert tells court proceeding

An international hydro dam construction expert describes the high level of confidentiality surrounding B.C.’s Site C hydro project as “extraordinary” and says he has never encountered such secrecy during his five decades designing, developing and managing large hydroelectric projects, including China’s Three Gorges dam.

“I have never seen in 50 years a major public project or program being put in place for its ratepayers by a public agency providing as little information,” Harvey Elwin, a civil engineer who has held major leadership roles with large multinationals working on hydroelectric projects around the world, states in an affidavit filed in B.C. Supreme Court.


But information on the status of Site C project schedules, actual costs versus planned costs, the progress of work by percent complete, and technical board reports should not be commercially sensitive “and have been routinely reported to the public on many other projects being constructed,” Elwin says.

Withholding “virtually all the cost, schedule, and progress information from the public and the public oversight bodies” such as the independent B.C. Utilities Commission (BCUC) are “far from the norm and contrary to policies I am used to seeing elsewhere for major world class public infrastructure projects,” the affidavit states.

“It is my opinion that it is very unusual and in conflict with the responsibility of project management and public sector officials not to keep their constituents and ratepayers informed specifically on the progress for public sector projects being performed by a public sector agency,” Elwin says in the affidavit.

“This is particularly true for a project that, in the first three years of a nine year construction duration, already has a year delay to [river] diversion and a 22 per cent budget overrun.” 

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Elwin was asked to provide an opinion about whether an injunction over work — including clear-cut logging old-growth boreal forest — in 13 Site C project areas identified by First Nations as “critical” to maintaining their cultural practices will delay project milestones.  

In February, BC Hydro volunteered to pause work in three of those critical areas and threatened to seek recovery from First Nations for what BC Hydro claimed would be a “substantial increased cost.”

Elwin was also asked to provide an opinion on whether BC Hydro can be expected to meet its own project milestones for Site C regardless of any injunction over areas critical to First Nations.

He states that BC Hydro’s affidavit evidence lacked key information about impacts to project schedule and costs associated with an injunction over work in the critical areas.

“After review of these Affidavits, I knew that a significant amount of information required to efficiently and effectively provide an expert opinion in reply was missing.”

BC Hydro subsequently agreed to provide the documents after a confidentiality agreement was entered to restrict some information from being disclosed outside the courtroom during the injunction hearing.

Elwin’s affidavit reveals that some of BC Hydro’s cost numbers for work in the critical First Nations areas — including transmission line costs — exceed budget numbers, although the amounts are redacted.

Elwin’s unredacted expert report will be provided to the court during the injunction application hearing which begins July 23 in Vancouver. A redacted version with confidential information removed was filed late Wednesday in B.C. Supreme Court.

The First Nations have obtained a court order requiring the proceedings to be videotaped and made available on the internet. But the terms of the order prevent confidential information from being recorded and distributed. It not yet known if reporters will be permitted to attend the proceedings.

The question of whether the Site C dam infringes on treaty rights has never been tested in the courts, and a favourable ruling for First Nations could shut down the entire Peace River hydro project.

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The B.C. NDP government has said electricity from the Site C dam will be sold for less than it costs to produce, leaving BC Hydro customers to make up the difference.

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..i've begun listening to this hearing and find it both fascinating and informative.

Updates from the Site C injunction hearing

Video from Day 4 (Thursday) is now posted.

July 23-27: West Moberly presenting their applications for injunction and evidence

July 30-August 6: BC Hydro, BC government, Attorney General of Canada response

August 7-8: West Moberly’s reply

August 9: Defendants’ response to West Moberly

The BC Supreme Court is currently considering whether to halt, or at least limit, construction of the Site C dam in order to protect the Peace River Valley until the court can rule on the bigger question of whether construction of the Site C dam violates federal and provincial Treaty obligations.

The court has agreed that this important legal process can be video recorded so that it can be made more accessible to the interested public – especially members of the northeast BC First Nations who are in court to fight for their Treaty rights.

Unfortunately the video will not be streamed live as we had hoped. Instead recordings can be watched online, posted in the afternoon of the following day.

The following notes will continue be updated as the hearing progresses and video links are made available.

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Arguments in Site C dam court case represent ‘cynical denial’ of Indigenous rights: B.C. Indian Chiefs

The Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs has taken the unusual step of writing an open letter to Premier John Horgan denouncing legal arguments made last week by BC Hydro as a form of “neo-colonization” and demanding a formal apology from the provincial government.

BC Hydro’s lawyers made the arguments during ongoing B.C. Supreme Court hearings for an injunction application by West Moberly First Nations to halt work on the Site C dam on B.C.’s Peace River, pending a full civil trial to determine if the $10.7 billion project violates treaty rights.

“We call on you to publicly denounce these statements that diminish Indigenous rights in an open letter to the B.C. Supreme Court, and to apologize formally for the disrespect shown to the Treaty 8 First Nations,” said the letter, signed by Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, president of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs (UBCIC), as well as vice-president Chief Robert Chamberlin and secretary treasurer Judy Wilson.

“We call on you to publicly denounce these statements that diminish Indigenous rights in an open letter to the B.C. Supreme Court, and to apologize formally for the disrespect shown to the Treaty 8 First Nations,” said the letter, signed by Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, president of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs (UBCIC), as well as vice-president Chief Robert Chamberlin and secretary treasurer Judy Wilson.

The UBCIC executive told Horgan and Eby there can be no lasting reconciliation while the rights of Indigenous peoples “are being trampled upon, diminished, and frozen in the past.”

“There can be no trust in your government while the words you say to the public ring false in the courtrooms where Crown corporation lawyers perpetuate neo-colonization.”

As an example of BC Hydro legal arguments the UBCIC said were “consistently diminishing the rights of First Nations,” the letter pointed to BC Hydro’s claim in court that Treaty 8 was never intended to protect First Nations “practical, traditional, cultural, or spiritual connection to any land.”

“This is an arbitrary, one-sided interpretation of the Treaty that runs contrary to the principles of Treaty interpretation already recognized by the courts, and contrary to the spirit of reconciliation,” wrote the executive.

Amnesty International spokesperson Craig Benjamin called the letter “a bit of a bombshell” and said as far as he knows it is unprecedented.

“I have never seen anything like it, to be honest,” he told The Narwhal.

“What really strikes me is they’re not just denouncing the negative and inappropriate arguments used by [BC] Hydro. They’re actually saying, ‘Look Premier Horgan and Attorney General Eby, you have a responsibility now. You have to correct the record. You have to apologize for the insult to Indigenous culture and history and you have to set the record right on how the province understands the rights of Indigenous Peoples.’ ”


Horgan’s office, when contacted for comment, referred questions to Eby’s office because the premier is out of town. Eby’s office said it could not respond by the time of publication.

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Court documents offer revealing glimpse of secretive Site C dam oversight board

Back in December, as the price tag for the Site C dam spiralled another $2 billion, B.C. Premier John Horgan announced the creation of a new board for “enhanced oversight” to ensure the project would be delivered on time and within its newly inflated budget.

Curious about why the NDP government would create a brand new “project assurance board” — instead of reinstating the oversight role of the B.C. Utilities Commission after the BC Liberals sent it packing — The Narwhal subsequently asked for a list of board members and if the board’s findings would be public.

In April, we were told by the B.C. energy ministry that a “broad search” was underway to find “highly-qualified, independent [our emphasis] external advisors with expertise in engineering, construction and management of large, complex infrastructure projects.”

It was taking some time, the energy ministry said in an e-mailed statement, because it was difficult to find “the kind of specialized skills, experience and independence from BC Hydro that we are looking for in the independent advisors.”  

But neither the list of non-BC Hydro board members nor the board’s findings were ever disclosed.


Among thousands of pages of court documents, several reveal details about the elusive Site C project assurance board, which has been meeting since January.

In keeping with Elwin’s expert witness testimony, an agenda from a January board meeting has this note at the bottom of the page: “Please ensure to destroy or delete all materials following conclusion of meeting.”

“Independent” is far from the word that should be ascribed to the new board, which primarily consists of members of BC Hydro’s board of directors. The board’s terms of reference, released in court documents, state it will have “up to two” independent advisors.

‘Independent’ board member authored pro-Site C report for construction trade unions

One of those advisors is energy consultant Lorne Sivertson, former president of Columbia Power Corp. and the author of a pro-Site C report for B.C.’s construction trade unions that was used last fall to discredit an independent report by the watchdog B.C. Utilities Commission.

In an e-mailed statement, the energy ministry told The Narwhal that additional board members are being recruited and more information about the board will only be made available when “the full composition of the board is finalized.”

Les MacLaren, assistant deputy minister in the energy ministry, is one of the board’s two government members. According to MacLaren’s testimony for the First Nations court case, he is the top civil servant responsible for approving Site C briefing notes for ministers and conversing with ministers about the project, a role he has had since 2008.

The other civil servant on the board is Lori Wanamaker, who was deputy solicitor general in the Christy Clark government and was appointed deputy minister of finance by the NDP.

Wanamaker, along with deputy energy minister Dave Nikolejsin, challenged the BCUC’s final findings about the Site C project in a six-page letter to the commission that seemed to suggest the NDP government was searching for a rationale to continue the project.

Six BC Hydro directors sit on the assurance board, which BC Hydro refers to on its website as a BC Hydro “committee.”

The BCUC report found the Site C project could cost more than $12.5 billion while other renewable energy sources could provide the same amount of power for $8.8 billion or less.

Sivertson’s report was released at a Vancouver press conference, prior to a second pro-Site C press conference in Victoria also organized by construction trade unions....

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Retired BC Hydro engineer calls for independent safety review of Site C dam

Calls for an independent safety review of the Site C dam project are mounting following a large landslide near the project’s worksite that has blocked the only road to a small community and led to the evacuation of residents by boat.

Retired BC Hydro engineer Vern Ruskin said this week’s mushrooming slide is a reminder that the project is located in an area prone to landslides and that a major landslide close to the Site C dam structure could compromise it.

“If the landslide is a long way off and all they get is a wave then the dam can withstand it,” Ruskin told The Narwhal. “If the landslide is close enough it could damage the dam structure and it may fail.”

Ruskin, who directed the team that designed the five dams originally planned for the Peace River, including Site C, said he has repeatedly asked the B.C. government and BC Hydro to conduct an independent safety review of the project due to its location in a valley with a history of large landslides and because of a change to the design of the dam structure.

When former B.C. premier Gordon Campbell announced his government would proceed with the Site C project in 2010, the dam structure was depicted as a very slight arc. But in 2014 an L-shaped structure — which Ruskin says to the best of his knowledge has never been used anywhere in the world for an earthen dam — was revealed when former premier Christy Clark announced final approval of the project.


Dam safety under fire around world

Announced in 2010 as a $6.6 billion project and given final government approval in 2014 as an $8.8 billion project, the Site C dam’s price tag climbed by an additional $2 billion late last year.

Dam safety practice around the world “has been shaken” by the recent collapse of tailings pond dams at B.C.’s Mount Polley mine and in Brazil, the Site C project’s technical advisory board noted in its February meeting minutes. The board, charged with providing technical reviews and engineering advice, also noted the 2017 failure of California’s Oroville dam spillways following heavy rains, which led to the evacuation of more than 180,000 people downstream.

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..from an email.

Court decision leaves Peace Valley and Treaty rights at risk

We learned yesterday that the BC Supreme Court will not halt construction of the Site C dam until a crucial First Nations Treaty rights challenge can be heard. That case will begin early next year. In the meantime, sacred sites and crucial wildlife habitat are at risk. Amnesty International continues to stand with the West Moberly and Prophet River First Nations and is redoubling our efforts to urge the BC government to keep its promise to respect the rights of Indigenous peoples.

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‘Be prepared to be surprised’: What’s next for the Site C dam?

Treaty 8 First Nations are bracing themselves for the impending destruction of traditional hunting grounds and other areas of special cultural significance following last week’s denial of an injunction application to stop work on the Site C dam on B.C.’s Peace River.  

BC Hydro has said 13 areas of cultural importance for the Dunne-Za nations — including prime moose habitat, a rare old-growth white spruce and trembling aspen forest and two wetlands called Sucker Lake and Trappers Lake — will be clear cut and bulldozed as early as the beginning of November.

“It’s cultural genocide,” said Roland Willson, chief of West Moberly First Nations. “Our culture is being on the land. We’re people of the land and without the land we are no longer Dunne-Za people.”

Willson told the Narwhal that “everyone’s depressed, they’re sad,” following the B.C. Supreme Court decision.


Courts almost always give economic issues greater weight than Indigenous rights or environmental issues, according to Indigenous law expert John Borrows, who told The Narwhal in January that the “deck is stacked against First Nations” in injunction hearings.

“I think this is just an illustration of that pattern repeating itself,” Borrows said Monday in an interview.

Site C treaty rights violation yet to be tested in court

The question of whether the Site C dam violates treaty rights has never been tested in the courts.

Normally a full civil trial would not be heard for at least three to six years, but Milman ordered that the full civil trial be concluded by 2023. That’s the earliest the Site C reservoir would inundate 83 kilometres of the Peace River Valley and 45 kilometres of tributary valleys with up to 50 metres of water.

Milman’s order raises the possibility that the project — whose cost has jumped from $6.6 billion to $7.9 billion to $8.8 billion to last December’s price tag of $10.7 billion — could be halted at the eleventh hour, leaving BC Hydro with a stranded asset.

“The TMX (Trans Mountain pipeline) decision showed even though the federal government had invested $5 billion into backing the project, money alone is not sufficient to override constitutionally protected rights — in this case, the constitutionally protected treaty rights of First Nations,” said Tim Thielmann of Sage Legal, the firm representing the First Nations.

“It’s clearly disappointing that the courts wouldn’t stop the work now,” Thielmann told The Narwhal, noting that the judge has “at least preserved the possibility of a permanent injunction.”

Borrows, a Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Law at UVic’s law school, also pointed to the Trans Mountain pipeline decision, noting that substantial amounts of public money could be spent on the Site C project and “you might not be able to proceed with the development.”


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Parks Canada shirks UN request for review of Site C dam impacts on imperilled national park

Canada will not provide the UNESCO World Heritage Committee with an assessment of the impacts of the Site C dam on Wood Buffalo National Park, despite a recommendation it do so to keep the 4.5 million hectare park off a list of world heritage in danger — a list usually reserved for sites in countries facing war, poverty or disaster.

The clock is ticking towards a deadline for Canada to demonstrate to the committee that it is serious about saving Canada’s largest national park from energy development, dropping water levels and pollution.

The World Heritage Committee warned Wood Buffalo would be placed on the ignominious list unless there is a “major and timely” response to 17 recommendations made by the international body in 2017.

Canada has quietly release a draft action plan in response to those recommendations made by a team of experts from the World Heritage Committee and International Union for Conservation of Nature who, in 2016, visited the World Heritage Site at the invitation of the Mikisew Cree First Nation.

Canada’s action plan provides a response to all of the UN body’s recommendations, save one: a review of the social and environmental impacts of the Site C dam.

Wood Buffalo threatened by industrial development, hydro dams

Following a visit to the park in 2016, the committee released a stinging report saying Wood Buffalo is threatened by unfettered upstream energy development, including the Alberta oilsands, hydro dams on the Peace River, a lack of cumulative impact studies on the Peace-Athabasca delta and poor management.

Canada must finalize a plan to substantively address these threats to Wood Buffalo by February 1, 2019.

Key measures of Canada’s draft plan for the park in northern Alberta and southern Northwest Territories are strengthening Indigenous management of the site, preserving and monitoring ecosystems in the Peace-Athabasca delta and improving understanding of hydrology and water flow in the delta, Environment and Climate Change Minister Catherine McKenna said in a statement.

However, as the draft plan is being circulated among 11 Indigenous communities and other interested groups, many are baffled that the recommendation to assess the Site C dam is being ignored.....

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United Nations instructs Canada to suspend Site C dam construction over Indigenous rights violations

In a rare rebuke, the United Nations has instructed Canada to suspend construction of the Site C dam on B.C.’s Peace River until the project obtains the “free, prior and informed consent” of Indigenous peoples.

Canada has until April 8 to report back to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination outlining steps it has taken to halt construction of the hydro project, which would flood 128 kilometres of the Peace River and its tributaries in the heart of Treaty 8 traditional territory.

The unusual request from one of the world’s top human rights bodies was made by committee chair Noureddine Amir in a December 14 letter to Canada’s UN Ambassador Rosemary McCarney.

It comes as Canada vies for a coveted seat on the UN Security Council and two Treaty 8 First Nations await a court date to determine if the Site C project unjustifiably infringes on their constitutionally protected treaty rights, as they claim in civil actions filed last January.

“The Committee is concerned about the alleged lack of measures taken to ensure the right to consultation and free, prior and informed consent with regard to the Site C dam, considering its impact on indigenous peoples’ control and use of their lands and natural resources,” wrote Amir, an Algerian law professor and former diplomat.

“The Committee is further concerned that the realization of the Site C dam without free, prior and informed consent, would permanently affects the land rights of affected indigenous peoples in the Province of British Columbia. Accordingly, it would infringe indigenous peoples’ rights protected under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.”

Canada missed an August 2018 deadline to report back to the committee on the Site C project, which was approved by the federal government in 2014 and green-lighted by B.C.’s new NDP government in December 2017.

Amnesty International spokesperson Craig Benjamin told The Narwhal that the federal and B.C. governments “misinterpreted” the UN committee’s 2017 recommendation that work on the Site C project be suspended, pending a full review in collaboration with Indigenous peoples that includes identifying alternatives to the irreversible destruction of Indigenous lands....

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BC Hydro in court to keep Site C expenditure details from public

BC Hydro has gone to court to avoid revealing the names of public employees who decide which companies are awarded lucrative Site C project contracts during construction of the $10.7 billion hydro dam.

B.C.’s Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner (OIPC) ordered BC Hydro to release the information after Vancouver freelance journalist Bob Mackin, who publishes The Breaker News, lodged a complaint about missing data in Freedom of Information responses and the OIPC conducted an inquiry.

“We’ve got a right to know who is being paid to build and operate and make decisions on any public project or any public office,” Mackin told The Narwhal. “There’s no reason why we can’t have it.”

Mackin said journalists and the public must be able to verify that people making decisions about Site C project contracts are free of conflicts of interest and that they are “not awarding contracts to friends or co-workers, or people they’ve worked with before or companies that they might hold shares in.”

“While their identities are shielded…the conclusion of the public would be ‘maybe there’s something going on behind the scenes,’” he said. “We really need to know that this project is being done in the best fashion. Let us see that this is being done properly.”

BC Hydro’s legal challenge — filed January 18 in BC Supreme Court — comes as the B.C. Legislature expense scandal ignites calls for increased transparency and accountability in government operations.

The Site C dam on the Peace River in northeast B.C. is the largest publicly-funded infrastructure project in B.C.’s history.

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Zapped: Unravelling the NDP’s new spin around power prices and the Site C dam

Of all the years of political spin to justify construction of the Site C dam, last week’s media briefing about BC Hydro might get a special place in the hall of fame.

On Thursday, provincial media were invited to the underground theatre at the B.C. Legislature for a “technical briefing” on the first phase of a review of BC Hydro, a public utility so deeply indebted that it’s been flirting with bankruptcy.


The result is that the NDP is now doing precisely what its report justifiably criticizes the Liberals for doing with IPPs — manufacturing a need for Site C’s power while saddling generations of British Columbians with a project which will produce energy that cannot be sold for even close to the price it will cost to produce it.

In January, the conservative C.D. Howe Institute issued a report outlining why Site C — along with the Keeyask dam in Manitoba — is “uneconomical” and should be terminated immediately.

“For projects like Site C and Keeyask, it is not too late to cancel,” said the report, Dammed If You Do: How Sunk Costs Are Dragging Canadian Electricity Ratepayers Underwater.

“The sooner provinces face reality and begin negotiating reasonable cancellation programs, the better off ratepayers will be.”

But now the NDP is recharging efforts to convince British Columbians that Site C’s power is needed and that the troubled project is a bargain, even though the dam’s cost has soared by more than $4 billion since it was announced in 2010 and, according to an independent review, could exceed $12.5 billion.

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B.C. under ‘enormous pressure’ to cancel Site C dam: First Nations chief

West Moberly First Nations are not backing down from their long battle to stop the Site C dam following Tuesday’s announcement that they will engage in confidential discussions with BC Hydro and the provincial government, says Chief Roland Willson.

“Our position is that the dam should not go ahead,” Willson told The Narwhal. “We think there’s still an opportunity to kill the thing before they flood the [Peace River] valley.”

The B.C. government said in a press release that the discussions will “seek alternatives to litigation related to the Site C dam project.”

“We’re listening to what they have to say,” Willson said. “There may be an alternative [to Site C]. In the discussion we’re going to be talking about how they don’t have to destroy the valley. Our primary focus is going to be about trying to protect the valley.”

The West Moberly and Prophet River First Nations filed civil claims in January 2018 alleging the Site C dam and two previous dams on the Peace River unjustifiably infringe on their treaty rights.

The nations subsequently lost their application for an injunction to protect 13 areas of cultural importance for the Dunne-Za nations — including prime moose habitat, a rare old-growth white spruce and trembling aspen forest and two wetlands called Sucker Lake and Trappers Lake — from clear-cut logging for Site C.

But the judge ruled their treaty rights case must be heard by 2023, prior to Site C reservoir filling scheduled for 2024.

Willson said the provincial government is under “enormous pressure from all over the place” to cancel Site C, which would flood 128 kilometres of the Peace River and its tributaries in the heart of Treaty 8 traditional territory, poisoning bull trout and other fish with methylmercury.

He pointed to a United Nations request that Canada suspend Site C dam construction until the project obtains the “free, prior and informed consent” of Indigenous peoples. Canada has until April 8 to report back to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination outlining the steps it has taken to halt construction of the $10.7 billion dam.

Willson also highlighted a January study from the C.D. Howe Institute that concludes BC Hydro customers will be better off if the Site C dam is cancelled immediately, as well as the provincial government’s report on the first phase of a comprehensive review of BC Hydro, released in mid-February, which found B.C. has too much energy.

“There’s an abundance of power and we don’t need Site C,” said Willson, who has called the Site C dam “cultural genocide.”....

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Petrowest numbered company awarded $10 million Site C dam contract on eve of bankruptcy

BC Hydro gave $10.9 million in Site C dam direct award contracts to a B.C. numbered company whose officers and directors were top executives of Petrowest, the Alberta company that went bankrupt and was dismissed from Site C’s main civil works consortium, The Narwhal has learned.

The largest of the contracts, for $10.1 million, was awarded to the numbered company in late July 2017 — just two weeks before Petrowest was dismissed from the consortium for insolvency, according to documents obtained through a Freedom of Information request.

BC Hydro confirmed that the contract, for Site C dam “river road remediation and erosion and sediment control,” was completed in 2018 — after other Petrowest assets were seized by the company’s creditors.

Former BC Hydro CEO Marc Eliesen described the contract as “astonishing” and called on B.C. Auditor General Carol Bellringer to investigate the award, which was handed out one month after the NDP formed a new provincial government promising increased transparency.

“It’s unimaginable that you would award a contract to a company that you know is in great financial difficulties because it has been reported extensively in the media,” said Eliesen, who is also the former CEO of Manitoba Hydro and Ontario Hydro.

“Why didn’t BC Hydro cancel the $10 million direct non-competitive contract to a numbered company [run by] the same people who went into bankruptcy? Where is the fiduciary responsibility by BC Hydro senior management? Something is not right.”......

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..as if the key is being connected to the health officers.

Horgan says work at Site C will continue unless Dr. Henry says to stop

While key work proceeds at the Site C dam project, Premier John Horgan says it will continue “until Dr. Bonnie Henry tells us otherwise.”

Horgan was reacting this week to public calls for suspension of the multibillion-dollar project to minimize risk to workers and the community during the novel coronavirus outbreak.

“I have heard the concerns of people in the north. I also listened to advice and direction we have been getting from public health officials, particularly Dr. Henry,” Horgan told reporters.

“We are confident that the measures that have been put in place by B.C. Hydro to protect workers, to protect the community, are appropriate at this time. And until Dr. Henry tells us otherwise, we are going to carry on.”

Dr. Henry, the provincial health officer, recently issued precautionary guidelines for large industrial work sites like Site C. WorkSafeBC has also issued guidelines.

Calls to put construction on hold have come from First Nations leaders in the region and from members of city council in Fort St. John, the community nearest the site and downriver from the dam.

In an open letter to Dr. Henry recently, the retired chief medical health officer for Northern Health, Dr. David Bowering, called for a shutdown of large industrial work camps like Site C, branding them “incubators” for the virus.

But Dr. Henry rejected the call and took a rare shot at the retiree: “It’s unfortunate that he’s not as connected with the Northern Health medical health officers as he was in the past.”....


Armchair quarterbacks

Dr Bonnie and the BC NDP Government have been doing a remarkable job and we need to continue to let them lead us through this crisis

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In an open letter to Dr. Henry recently, the retired chief medical health officer for Northern Health, Dr. David Bowering, called for a shutdown of large industrial work camps like Site C, branding them “incubators” for the virus.

..this is not an armchair quarter back. neither are the indigenous folk nor the fort st john council members. you just like to sling shit north report..at folks who don't agree with the ndp.


But Dr. Henry rejected the call and took a rare shot at the retiree: “It’s unfortunate that he’s not as connected with the Northern Health medical health officers as he was in the past.”

I think most people in the province are quite supportive of Dr Bonnie and the BC NDP Government's very impressive anti-virus efforts. Too bad the egos of some physicians and some politicians can't handle it, eh!

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..of course she said such a thing. she's has a medical position that is all wrapped up in politics. and you blindly disconnect it from the politics of site c. your not asking whether or not henry and the others have a point..your blindly defending the ndp. 


If she is transparent about the tracking of cases from the construction camps as she is with the long term care facilities then we will know whether these camps cause clusters of cases. Are their movements and contacts being tracked in the same manner as health care workers who were exposed at work? Le

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..allowing man camps to happen boggles the mind and common sense. there are no facilities to contain or treat the virus once it gets out in the north. into the indigenous community. are we not learning anything?  just allowing it is already to late. they are creating sacrifice zones.


Pathetic to see the petty political attacks on Dr Bonnie at a time like this! 

The face of B.C.’s coronavirus fight is a soft-spoken straight shooter


epaulo13 epaulo13's picture

..time and again we place trust in governments. wanting to believe they aren't fucking us over in the most cruel and outrageous ways. time and again we are disappointed. time and again we think next time they will have learned their lessons and have changed.

..well here we have 150 yrs to draw on. here we have 150 years of indigenous repression in some of the most despicable ways on the planet. have we forgotten the invasion that recently took place? where governments were forced to the table to talk with the rightful authority? have we forgotten site c is moving forward without the consent of indigenous folk..the rightful authority over that territory?

..it's sad north report..to see you hide behind the doctor..instead of acknowledging 150 years of repressive politics that continues to this day.


Enough nonsense.

I think BCers can thank their lucky stars, particularily during this covid crisis, we have the kind of government we presently have in BC.

epaulo13 epaulo13's picture

..are those in the piece i posted not bc'ers