The significance of the election of Andrea Horwath to lead Ontario's New Democrats, the first woman to do so, is itself a noteworthy and historic outcome. Her combative style and stress on issues of particular concern to Ontario's working class was indeed at times inspiring. Can the party's structural, cultural and electoral atrophy be reversed? Perhaps. We should hope so. The socialist Left outside of the NDP (and of course those inside the party) has no interest in seeing the party further weakened. Indeed, by virtue of being the leader of a major political party, she can give voice to issues, perspectives and solutions to public problems that force a questioning of neoliberalism and perhaps even capitalism.