Living in the SARS-CoV-2 era (distancing, wash hands, wear mask to protect others, but OK to go outside)

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Douglas Fir Premier

Amanda Wilson: Moving from Abstinence to Harm Reduction in the Age of Physical Distancing

An abstinence-based approach to physical distancing says here is a list of things you shouldn’t do; if you are doing those things you are bad, the only way to be good is to not do those things. A harm-reduction approach to physical distancing asks what are the things that are important to us, and how can we conceive of doing those things in ways that minimizes the harm and risk.

The idea that we should abstain from a long list of activities needs to evolve to a set of guidelines, practices, and adaptations that enable us to live together while reducing the potential for risk and harm.  This doesn’t mean we’ll be able to do all the things we used to, but it acknowledges that people have different needs and different circumstances and we need to find a way to work with those.

Only interacting with people in your household is easy (or perhaps easier) if you live with someone else (whom you like spending time, and who is healthy and safe for you to be interacting with), and if you live in a situation that has enough space for those interactions to be comfortable. If you live alone, if you live in a cramped or unsafe household, that becomes much more difficult, and potentially much unhealthier. Similarly, interacting online with friends and family is easy if you have access to the right technology, a strong internet connection, and if the people you are seeking to connect with also have those things. All of us need to do different things to maintain our mental and physical health – exercise, meditation, eating particular foods, accessing certain services and support.  Our ability to do these things under the current protocols varies greatly, and we need to think of ways of living, collectively, that enable all of us to do those things. 

Douglas Fir Premier

Sean in Ottawa wrote:

NorthReport wrote:

It appears that Ottawa will soon be reversing its position on masks.

Official nonsense on masks, travel bans is killing Ottawa's COVID-19 credibility

When officials say 'masks don’t work,' regular people hear, 'we have a dire shortage of masks for frontline healthcare workers so please give us your masks'

https://nationalpost.com/opinion/chris-selley-official-nonsense-on-masks-and-travel-bans-is-killing-ottawas-coronavirus-credibility

https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/01/asia/coronavirus-mask-messaging-intl-hnk/...

The article raises good questions about the difference between what the politicians say, what they say their reasons are, and what their real reasons are.

The fact is that BOTH the government and the population have huge reasons not to trust each other.

 

https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/01/asia/coronavirus-mask-messaging-intl-hnk/...

Writing last month in the New York Times, Zeynep Tufekci, a professor of information science, said that "to help manage the shortage, the authorities sent a message that made them untrustworthy." 

"Providing top-down guidance with such obvious contradictions backfires exactly because lack of trust is what fuels hoarding and misinformation," she said, adding that if officials were concerned about shortages, they should have stated this outright, and asked people to donate masks they had bought to hospitals, not claimed they were ineffective in the first place. 

"When people feel as though they may not be getting the full truth from the authorities, snake-oil sellers and price gougers have an easier time."

Trying to avoid mask shortages for healthcare workers appears to have been the main priority of those arguing against widespread their widespread use. But while the motivation behind this may have been good, such advice may have actually helped spread the virus, thus adding to the number of patients overwhelming hospitals. 

One of the reasons the CDC's Redfield gave for potentially changing the guidance on masks is that the coronavirus can be spread when people are asymptomatic, and therefore having everyone covering their faces -- as has been the norm in Hong Kong and other parts of Asia since January -- could help rein in transmission. 

That the virus is spread before people feel sick is not news, however. It's been widely supposed since the first weeks of the outbreak, and evidence has only grown stronger in recent months. 

And even if there was not asymptomatic transmission, universal or near universal mask wearing has its uses. As others have noted, instructing only the sick to wear masks is essentially asking people to put a sign on themselves inviting fear and hostility, whereas if everyone wears a mask when outside, the sick are more likely to do so, thus protecting people around them. 

The lack of masks and other protective equipment in hospitals across the US and other countries should be remedied as fast as possible. But these shortages were caused by policy failures and supply chain issues, not a sudden run on 75 cent papers masks by concerned members of the public. 

As the evidence increasingly comes round in favor of masks, we must ask how many infections might have been avoided if in January, instead of saying masks wouldn't help, officials and the media had instead lobbied for factories to ramp up domestic production, provided guidance on how to make masks at home, and asked other countries to donate surplus materials?

NorthReport

Iceland lab's testing suggests 50% of coronavirus cases have no symptoms

https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/01/europe/iceland-testing-coronavirus-intl/index.html

NorthReport
kropotkin1951

Lets all use our brains and stay at home long enough to take this virus down.

Sean in Ottawa

Douglas Fir Premier wrote:

Sean in Ottawa wrote:

NorthReport wrote:

It appears that Ottawa will soon be reversing its position on masks.

Official nonsense on masks, travel bans is killing Ottawa's COVID-19 credibility

When officials say 'masks don’t work,' regular people hear, 'we have a dire shortage of masks for frontline healthcare workers so please give us your masks'

https://nationalpost.com/opinion/chris-selley-official-nonsense-on-masks-and-travel-bans-is-killing-ottawas-coronavirus-credibility

https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/01/asia/coronavirus-mask-messaging-intl-hnk/...

The article raises good questions about the difference between what the politicians say, what they say their reasons are, and what their real reasons are.

The fact is that BOTH the government and the population have huge reasons not to trust each other.

 

https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/01/asia/coronavirus-mask-messaging-intl-hnk/...

Writing last month in the New York Times, Zeynep Tufekci, a professor of information science, said that "to help manage the shortage, the authorities sent a message that made them untrustworthy." 

"Providing top-down guidance with such obvious contradictions backfires exactly because lack of trust is what fuels hoarding and misinformation," she said, adding that if officials were concerned about shortages, they should have stated this outright, and asked people to donate masks they had bought to hospitals, not claimed they were ineffective in the first place. 

"When people feel as though they may not be getting the full truth from the authorities, snake-oil sellers and price gougers have an easier time."

Trying to avoid mask shortages for healthcare workers appears to have been the main priority of those arguing against widespread their widespread use. But while the motivation behind this may have been good, such advice may have actually helped spread the virus, thus adding to the number of patients overwhelming hospitals. 

One of the reasons the CDC's Redfield gave for potentially changing the guidance on masks is that the coronavirus can be spread when people are asymptomatic, and therefore having everyone covering their faces -- as has been the norm in Hong Kong and other parts of Asia since January -- could help rein in transmission. 

That the virus is spread before people feel sick is not news, however. It's been widely supposed since the first weeks of the outbreak, and evidence has only grown stronger in recent months. 

And even if there was not asymptomatic transmission, universal or near universal mask wearing has its uses. As others have noted, instructing only the sick to wear masks is essentially asking people to put a sign on themselves inviting fear and hostility, whereas if everyone wears a mask when outside, the sick are more likely to do so, thus protecting people around them. 

The lack of masks and other protective equipment in hospitals across the US and other countries should be remedied as fast as possible. But these shortages were caused by policy failures and supply chain issues, not a sudden run on 75 cent papers masks by concerned members of the public. 

As the evidence increasingly comes round in favor of masks, we must ask how many infections might have been avoided if in January, instead of saying masks wouldn't help, officials and the media had instead lobbied for factories to ramp up domestic production, provided guidance on how to make masks at home, and asked other countries to donate surplus materials?

I think the problem is a social one. The people who need the masks are the ones with the virus.

Yes some will have it before knowing so there is value there.

The problem with recomendation regarding masks is that this makes no sense. and here is why:

The people who will follow this wil be the ones most responsible and careful - disproportionately not those who are less liekly to disregard social distancing and get it.

I see a logic in recommendng that those who are not sick do not wear a mask until such time as you say everybody must wear a mask. In that case you also have to guarantee a supply. To make matters worse, you ahve to manage people wasting them and hoarding them.

In other words the difficulty in these instructions is that people are arseholes.

All that said I thin governments should ahve moved very quickly to check stockpiles of masks when it was in China (they did not do this) and then move to make them rapidly (again they did not do this) and then buy up supply controlling it. With this done the government could have rationed supply to everyone and told them that they HAD to use them to be allowed in grocery stores or any open public building.

Governments have been doubling down becuase the screw-ups started in some cases years ago maintaining supply and have been compounded through this. Each time the govenrment makes decisions so slow that the measures become out of date and more ineffective than if they ahd been done from the start. Some of this is inexcusable slow reaction and some is a tendency to wait to confirm justification instead of working out of safety proactively. 

It seems that this general mistake has happened in almost every other country. Some countries latched on to a single response and then did not escalate. They closed borders to buy them time and instead wasted it in the hope that this measure could escape it.

The wealthier world did not adequately fund and prepare themselves. This means they are in a crisis at a time when they should be funding and helping poorer countries.

Many countries have been wasting time designing policies with various groups in mind leaving people fallng through the cracks (Not only am I one but my partner as well for a different reason). So we are two people with zero income in the same home. A universal benefit would have been easier faster and comperehensive. There is no excuse for this as people could simply have been warned that next year's taxation would even this out. Special tax measures could ahve looked at issues like what people were making before, what their cash flow is during these months, what income they were able to earn during this period. This would have been much easier. They could have simply issues this money and produced T4 for the year up to the emergency; T4 for the period of the emergency and then another (if we get out in this year) after. They could have taxed each seperately. This would have clawed back assitance from those who still had an income during the period while letting people who had a higher income before still get help as they were caught by suprice. This system that sounds alittle complicated would have been easier than anything else. It would have allowed money to roll out now and the accounting to come out later. It would have provided a basic income for everyone taking back from those who did not need it at the ned of the year.

Response has been dreadful.

Sean in Ottawa

I cannot find the link but will share this asking those to beleive me as I have never lied about something factual here.

New research is questionning the notion that 6 feet distance is enough. they found droplets went as far as 29 feet. this means if someone without symptoms in a store sneezes less than 30 feet away, you could get it.

Do not shop in stores without plexiglass shields for staff. Do not shop where stores are not controling numbers in the store strictly. Avoid Walmart (they are not doing enough and their stores are crowded). A better alternative seems to be Food basics (Sobey's) as they are both using plexiglass shields and controlling those entering. 

Freshco and others are santizing at night and giving seniors the first hour in  a cleaned store. this is only good so long as the seniors are not too numerous.

Research shows that not only are seniors more liable to become critically sick but they are also more likely to be infected. This has to do with reduced ability to kill off tiny amounts of infection. Seriously if you are over 65 -- strongly consider staying in isolation and getting people to bring you items you need. Do not go out.

If you are on this site and a senior and you need anything and you are in Ottawa. Message me and I will get it for you and hang it on your door knob without contact with you (I can phone once there to let you know it is there. Seriosuly if you are older do not go out. This is life or death these next few weeks.

NorthReport

HEALTH

Everyone Thinks They’re Right About Masks

How the coronavirus travels through the air has become one of the most divisive debates in this pandemic.

https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2020/04/coronavirus-pandemic-airborne-go-outside-masks/609235/

kropotkin1951

Since unlike South Korea and Taiwan and Japan and China we do not live in an Advanced Modern Economy we do not have the capability to respond to this crisis. We are exporters of raw materials and do not have the  robust capability of AME Asian economies to ramp up production in existing plants. Hell even their cellphone apps out perform the shit on offer from our Old Order, billionaire owned, cyberspace.  Our politicians response from BC and Alberta and Ottawa is to throw more resources at building carbon export infrastructure. Fuck the millions being spent on TMX everyday, shut it down and offer incentives to start up things like mask manufacturing in every region of the country. Canadians would gladly start wearing masks if they could go to a store and buy a dozen for a reasonable price. But then we aren't an AME we are Old Order.

epaulo13 epaulo13's picture

The Pipeline and the Pandemic: ‘The Biggest Risk We’ve Got Right Now’

quote:

On Monday, the Union of BC Indian Chiefs released an open letter to Premier John Horgan, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and federal and provincial health ministers to reconsider “overbroad classifications of ‘essential services’ that allow the work to continue” along the pipeline route.

The letter urges officials to tell Coastal GasLink to stay home to slow the transmission of COVID-19.

“Most vulnerable to the spread will be frontline health-care workers, project workers, and local Indigenous and non-Indigenous communities forced to shoulder the consequences for any disregard for health and safety,” it says.

“Corporate exceptionalism cannot become a pandemic response strategy for the governments of B.C. and Canada.... We urge you to tell Coastal GasLink to stay home.”....

epaulo13 epaulo13's picture

Petition

Stop all Construction on Coastal GasLink, Site C and Trans Mountain: risk of COVID 19

Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister, John Horgan, Premier of B.C., Adrian Dix, Minister of Health, and Dr. Bonnie Henry

While people are warned to remain at home and take precautions due to COVID 19, the oil and gas industry is continuing work along pipeline routes, and industry is pushing forward with mega-projects across Canada.

Workers on these projects are living in man camps by the hundreds in tight quarters, sharing meals and housing, and are unable to quarantine, increasing the risk posed to both communities and workers.

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected at least 590,000 people and claimed tens of thousands of lives — and yet politicians and fossil fuel CEOs are continuing to put thousands of workers, and people in the northern and rural communities they are working in, at severe risk for oil and gas profits.

We say no more. This is atrocious. Canada needs to respect Indigenous health. Tell Justin Trudeau, Adrian Dix and John Horgan to stop all construction on Coastal GasLink, Site C, and Trans Mountain now!....

epaulo13 epaulo13's picture

bekayne

https://news.mongabay.com/2020/03/as-covid-19-rages-evangelical-pastor-may-contact-remote-amazon-tribes/

As coronavirus cases spiral upward into the thousands in urban Brazil, indigenous leaders from one of the Amazon’s most remote frontiers have denounced what they say are the latest plans by a notorious U.S. missionary to contact and convert the region’s isolated tribal groups to Christianity — even though remote indigenous peoples are known to have little resistance against infectious disease.

NorthReport

Excellent.

I have moved into the support everyone wearing a mask camp, once the health care workers have ample supplies, and they are made available to the general public, when I leave the house. I am quite concerned about the trust issue and our leaders need to tell us the truth. Having said that I don't appreciate the grandstanding by some of our BC doctors, who are undermining Dr Bonnie. Now my question is, when will BC get enough masks for all its citizens?

COVID-19: Everyone should wear face masks, SFU prof says | Vancouver Sun

https://vancouversun.com/

 

NorthReport

How many coronavirus cases are there in Canada, by province, and worldwide? The latest maps and charts

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-coronavirus-cases-canada-world-map-explainer/

NorthReport

The USA has now had a staggering 23% of all the confirmed cases on the planet which must be due to their very late start of physical distancing which until very recently were discouraged by some of their political leaders

NorthReport

Tragic comments for American society. Hopefully Nunes is trounced in the elections later on this year.

GOP Rep. Devin Nunes again questions coronavirus distancing measures, calls California school closures 'way overkill'

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2020/04/01/devin-nunes-questions-covid-measures-calls-school-closure-overkill/5106069002/

 

NorthReport

Trump is flailing about in all different directions and he really needs to let the scientists corral the virus in the USA.

Trump weighs limiting flights between cities under siege by the coronavirus pandemic

https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/2020/04/01/coronavirus-trump-weighs-limiting-flights-between-cities-under-siege/5108241002/

NorthReport

It's good to see Tyee reporters at the BC Government pressers.

First Nations Know Pandemics. This Time, They Say, Will Be Different

Diseases have devastated Indigenous communities. Here’s what they’re doing to fight COVID-19.

https://thetyee.ca/Analysis/2020/04/01/First-Nations-Know-Pandemics/

NorthReport

Good on CNN

CNN avoids majority of White House virus presser, trashes Trump for 'shameless' focus on 'political' anti-cartel efforts

https://www.foxnews.com/media/cnn-avoids-majority-wh-virus-presser

 

NorthReport
NorthReport

As tragic toll from virus rises, so do questions about Trump's leadership

https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/02/politics/donald-trump-coronavirus-leadership/index.html

NorthReport
NorthReport

USA now has about double the number of confirmed cases than Italy which is in 2nd place. Is that to a large extent because of Trump's lack of constructive leadership and action?

eastnoireast

NorthReport wrote:

USA now has about double the number of confirmed cases that Italy which is in 2nd place.

here comes pride in the backstretch, heartache's going for the inside

epaulo13 epaulo13's picture

Portugal gives migrants and asylum-seekers full citizenship rights during coronavirus outbreak

Portugal has temporarily given all migrants and asylum seekers full citizenship rights, granting them full access to the country's healthcare as the outbreak of the novel coronavirus escalates in the country.

The move will "unequivocally guarantee the rights of all the foreign citizens" with applications pending with Portuguese immigration, meaning they are "in a situation of regular permanence in National Territory," until June 30, the Portuguese Council of Ministers said on Friday.

The Portuguese Council of Ministers explained that the decision was taken to "reduce the risks for public health" of maintaining the current scheduling of appointments at the immigration office, for both the border agents and the migrants and asylum seekers.....

kropotkin1951

Here is a good news story. I love my Village because we are a real community. Here are how my neighbours are stepping up to ensure no one is left behind.

n partnership, Cumberland Community Schools Society (CCSS) and Weird Church Cumberland have created Cumberland Food Share: a two part way to provide support for individuals and families in Cumberland facing food insecurity. With support from the Village of Cumberland, Lush Valley Food Action Society and the Comox Valley Food Policy Council, this new program will distribute food safely to Cumberland families and individuals in need of support during COVID-19 (and hopefully beyond!).

This is a two part program:

The Food Shed: Thanks to Cumberland Crate Company, Courtenay Glass Ltd, Gareth Adams, and Vig Schulman there is now (almost!) an outdoor, non-perishable food pantry available 24/7 at 2688 Penrith Ave! It is the hope and prayer of Weird Church that our neighbours who have some food to spare will add to it, and that neighbours who are in need might take what they need.

Good Food Boxes: Weekly hampers for community members who are experiencing challenges due to loss of income and inability to access food, especially those who have lost access to the Breakfast and Lunch Programs available through CCSS. To address this community need, Cumberland Food Share will purchase, sort and distribute boxes which will include food, gift cards, and supplies to those who have expressed need.

WE NEED YOUR HELP TO MAKE THIS PROGRAM WORK!

There are three ways to help:

Financial Donations: we are currently seeking financials resources to purchase food and gift cards! Donations can be made online via our Canada Helps page https://www.canadahelps.org/…/cumberland-community-schools…/ or by sending an e-transfer to [email protected]. (If you send an e-transfer please include your mailing address so we can issue a tax receipt.)

Physical Donations: starting this weekend, please bring (not expired!) shelf stable, non-perishable food items, diapers, wipes, personal hygiene products, and cleaning supplies and place them in the Food Shed for those in need to receive at their convenience.

Volunteering Opportunities: a volunteer form will be available soon as we will be seeking folx to help with shopping, sorting, packing and delivering boxes. Stay tuned!

*If you are a community member in need, our intake form will be live soon and will be circulated in the days to come*

Michael Moriarity Michael Moriarity's picture

Here is an interesting video by Some More News about the way the ultra-rich are dealing with covid-19, and it's just as bad as you would imagine.

NorthReport

Some scientists are suggesting covid-19 could come in 3 waves and could last until 2022

Sean in Ottawa

NorthReport wrote:
Some scientists are suggesting covid-19 could come in 3 waves and could last until 2022

Many of us would die. Some from the virus. Some from a lack of support from government. Some from food shortages and medical supply shortages due to domestic difficulty producing. some from a lack of supplies while the US turns hostile as it has suggested it will today.

Canada needs to do an inventory of the people needing help (just about everybody) and it needs to do an inventory of what it can offer friendly countries. then it needs to figure out urgently how to protect itself against the US and this may mean unconventional alliances and Buster brown type defences (not designed to defend so much as inflict enough pain to make it not worth an attack).

Donald Trump is a psychopath and the US is a psychopathic country to keep him in power. This is not about Trump or they would discard him in a day. This is the nature of the US as it is now. Sure many oppose Trump but they will not do enough to get rid of him.

Canada has to get used to the idea that the relationship with the US is collapsing daily.

NorthReport

Top administration officials said last year threat of pandemic kept them up at night

 

Two top administration officials last year listed the threat of a pandemic as an issue that greatly worried them, undercutting President Donald Trump's repeated claims that the coronavirus pandemic was an unforeseen problem.

Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar and Tim Morrison, then a special assistant to the President and senior director for weapons of mass destruction and biodefense on the National Security Council, made the comments at the BioDefense Summit in April 2019.

"Of course, the thing that people ask: 'What keeps you most up at night in the biodefense world?' Pandemic flu, of course. I think everyone in this room probably shares that concern," Azar said, before listing off efforts to mitigate the impact of flu outbreaks.

The Trump administration is facing scrutiny over its preparations for the coronavirus pandemic and its slow response to provide states and cities assistance in testing kits and personal protective equipment. The 2019 summit, hosted by the assistant secretary for preparedness and response in the Department of Health and Human Services to "discuss and solicit input on implementing the National Biodefense Strategy," offers insights into early awareness of the potential for a pandemic threat.

Transcripts of Azar's and Morrison's comments at the summit, which have not been previously reported on, are available on the HHS website.

https://www.cnn.com/2020/04/03/politics/kfile-officials-worried-over-pandemic-last-year/index.html

NorthReport

Can't some Canadian manufacturer make N95 respirators?

NorthReport

Has BC Got It Right on COVID-19 Testing?

Critics urge a big increase in testing to curb pandemic; Bonnie Henry says the province’s approach is effective.

https://thetyee.ca/News/2020/04/03/Has-BC-Got-It-Right-On-COVID-19-Testing/

NorthReport

Why Social Distancing Could Stretch to 2022

Be prepared for a long emergency, say new research studies.

https://thetyee.ca/News/2020/04/03/Why-Social-Distancing-Could-Stretch-To-2022/

NorthReport
NorthReport

When this virus first started up I had already made plans for an international trip but had some concerns about traveling on a plane with potential virus carriers, and discussed it with a close friend whose opinions I value greatly, and he said if it were he traveling, he would wear a mask. And of course I was seeing nightly on the TV News that people in Hong Kong / China were wearing masks. But the WHO, the Canadian Government, etc. were all saying not to wear masks so understandably I had some confusion. These racist attacks on Chinese people over the virus however, in an attempt to discredit them, are a threat to the world community, as the Chinese approach was correct.

To mask or not to mask: WHO makes U-turn while US, Singapore abandon pandemic advice and tell citizens to start wearing masks

  • This is the first in a special in-depth series exploring the effectiveness of different strategies to contain the coronavirus spread in communities across China and the world
  • In this instalment, we look at masks. To urge citizens to wear or not to wear is a question that has vexed many governments

https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/health-environment/article/3078437/mask-or-not-mask-who-makes-u-turn-while-us

NorthReport
NorthReport

How the Pandemic Will End

The U.S. may end up with the worst COVID-19 outbreak in the industrialized world. This is how it’s going to play out.

https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2020/03/how-will-coronavirus-end/608719/

NorthReport

Dr Bonnie's strategy, combined with the full 100% backing of the BC NDP Government, appears to finally showing a glimmer of hope towards flattening the curve of new cases in BC.

BC number of new cases lowest in weeks

https://globalnews.ca/news/6778725/coronavirus-bc-update-april-4/

NorthReport
NorthReport
NorthReport

Boris Johnson hospitalized with covid-19

NorthReport

Americans would probably be wise to do the opposite of whatever Trump suggests.

Fauci: no evidence anti-malaria drug Trump pushes works against virus

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/05/coronavirus-fauci-trump-anti-malaria-drug

kropotkin1951

Cuban drugs work but don't tell Americans or Canadians, they wouldn't believe you because it wasn't on CNN.

Michael Moriarity Michael Moriarity's picture

There is what appears to be a promising clinical trial beginning in europe.

NorthReport

 

 

U.S. 'wasted' months before preparing for virus pandemic

The first alarms sounded in early January that the outbreak of a novel coronavirus in China would ignite a global pandemic

https://abcnews.go.com/Health/wireStory/us-wasted-months-preparing-virus-pandemic-69984060

NorthReport

Europe sees more signs of hope as Italy's virus curve falls

Europe is seeing further signs of hope in the coronavirus outbreak as Italy’s daily death toll was at its lowest in more than two weeks and its infection curve was finally on a downward slope

https://abcnews.go.com/Health/wireStory/europe-sees-signs-hope-italys-virus-curve-falls-69987914

NorthReport

This Is What Happens When the Federal Government Abandons You

Local officials and health-care workers are losing faith in the national response, and struggling to improvise their own solutions.

https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/04/how-do-you-win-war-when-your-government-abandons-you/609457/

NorthReport

“It Was Gone Overnight”

One restaurant’s struggle to weather the pandemic.

https://slate.com/business/2020/04/coronavirus-restaurant-closures-thamee.html

NorthReport

Wonderful!

Burnaby’s Sav Dhaliwal, North Vancouver’s Linda Buchanan to lead Metro Vancouver COVID-19 task force

https://www.straight.com/news/burnabys-sav-dhaliwal-north-vancouvers-linda-buchanan-to-lead-metro-vancouver-covid-19-task

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