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This article appeared today in a San Frasisco-based alternative on-line journal...
UNITE HERE Fends Off Attacks, Puts SEIU on Defensive
Randy Shaw‚ May. 04‚ 2009
Last week saw a flurry of activity in UNITE HERE’s ongoing struggle to preserve its membership and jurisdiction. As SEIU dispatched organizers to disrupt UNITE HERE organizing efforts at Phoenix’s Sheraton Convention Center Hotel, UNITE HERE responded by distributing flyers to SEIU’s public employees in the city telling them what their union was doing to undermine hotel workers. Negotiations between the two sides broke off on April 30, leading UNITE HERE President John Wilhelm to charge that SEIU was “insisting on taking a large number of UNITE HERE members in hotels and gaming, as well as the right to organize in the hotel industry competitively with us.” SEIU President Andy Stern issued a public appeal for Wilhelm to continue negotiations, and offered to submit all outstanding issues to binding arbitration. Wilhelm responded on May 1 that no International union has ever submitted its future to arbitration. Wilhelm also asked, if Stern favored binding arbitration, “Why didn’t SEIU propose arbitration in your dispute with United Health Care West and Sal Rosselli”? One development over the past weeks is undisputed: UNITE HERE is now putting SEIU on the defensive, shifting the debate from an internal union fight to a broader challenge to SEIU’s overall direction.
The conflict between SEIU and UNITE HERE is escalating. But after SEIU subjected unionized hotel workers to anti-UNITE HERE robocalls, mailings, and personal contacts, and used every means to force UNITE HERE to surrender, the tide has turned.
It’s Now SEIU’s Fight
When I last wrote about this dispute on April 7, I described how UNITE leader Bruce Raynor precipitated this conflict after learning he would not be elected the sole President of UNITE HERE at the union’s June 2009 convention. But Raynor is now irrelevant, and with the entire UNITE leadership team affiliating with SEIU as “Workers United” on March 23, this is SEIU’s fight.
This means that the two unions thought to be the most politically and philosophically aligned, whose organizing staffs include many longtime friends and allies, and whose leaving of the AFL-CIO in 2005 made the creation of the Change to Win Labor Federation possible, are now at war.
How did this happen?
Stern insists he knew back in 2004 that the merger of UNITE and HERE was a mistake, and that it should now be undone. He offered all of UNITE HERE to join SEIU, and Raynor and former UNITE officials agreed. But former HERE officials were not interested, and continue to legally challenge the ability of portions of UNITE HERE to secede and move to SEIU.
In fact, while Stern describes his offer for all or part of UNITEHERE to join SEIU as a way of addressing a failed merger, Wilhelm and the majority of UNITEHERE leadership saw Stern’s offer as encouraging Raynor and other former UNITE leaders to secede. It’s clear that if Stern thought that he was furthering labor peace by offering the original UNITE portion of UNITEHERE a home at SEIU, he badly miscalculated.
After the former UNITE portions of UNITEHERE joined SEIU on March 23 (under the name Workers United), Stern, SEIU’s premier communications team, and the former UNITE’s media team – which had previously handled HERE’s publicity – portrayed SEIU as reluctantly intervening to bring labor peace, and merely picking up the pieces of a broken marriage. SEIU insisted that they had no role in the pre-March 23 attempted raids of UNITE HERE bargaining units, the robocalls and anti-UNITE HERE mailers, the claims that Barack Obama wanted UNITEHERE workers to switch to SEIU, or any of the other hostile actions undertaken by Raynor.
SEIU insists that its staff during this period was only involved in “defensive” conduct.
UNITE HERE’s Post-Merger Success
SEIU has found success with blitzkrieg like attacks on employers, but UNITE HERE organizers are accustomed to multi-year campaigns. A union that has spent nearly six years picketing and boycotting Chicago’s Congress Hotel, and that spent several years before winning union contracts at San Francisco’s Parc 55 and Marriot Hotels, is not a group that panics, or that stays on the defensive.
So after SEIU has consistently insisted that the merger of UNITE and HERE had failed to produce the promised organizing gains, UNITE HERE is citing facts that tell a different story.
First, UNITE HERE is questioning SEIU’s commitment to its own organizing principles. Specifically, it asks why SEIU is seeking members outside its core areas when such a small percentage of workers in SEIU’s primary jurisdictions – property services (7.95%), hospitals (9.4%), nursing homes (11%) – are unionized.
Since announcing at its 2008 Convention that it would target the “90 percent of healthcare and property service workers and two-thirds of public employees still don’t have a union,” SEIU has dropped its leading hospital organizing drive – involving 9000 workers at California’s St. Josephs Hospital chain. SEIU appears to be devoting far more resources to battling UNITE HERE for casino and hotel workers than toward its primary mission of organizing health care workers.
UNITE HERE’s statistics show that it has been far more successful than SEIU since the 2004 merger in increasing union density in its core industries. In contrast to the figures for SEIU above, UNITE HERE has achieved unionized density of 19% in full service hotels, 19% in food services, and a whopping 48% in gaming.
UNITE HERE’s strong organizing gains since the merger undermines SEIU’s chief policy argument that the merger has failed and should be undone. There is no question that there a major rift between leaders of UNITE and HERE emerged, and that the former felt more comfortable joining SEIU. But UNITE HERE argues that, absent SEIU’s intervention and support for secession, the two sides would have been forced to reconcile their differences, and that the numbers of workers organized since 2004 confirms the merger’s success.
SEIU’s Internal Problems
On April 30, Juan Gonzalez reported in the New York Daily News that late last year SEIU borrowed $15 million from the Amalgamated Bank. Amalgamated is the only union-owned bank in America, has $500 million in assets, and is controlled by Bruce Raynor and the former UNITE leaders who have moved to SEIU.
Rumors of the loan were longstanding, and have led many to accuse Stern of courting Raynor to get more access to Amalgamated funds. But Stern denies that SEIU has any interest in the bank, and the more important fact is that SEIU’s finances are so heavily leveraged that its liabilities now comprise 82% of its assets. In contrast, UNITE HERE’s liabilities to assets ratio is only 22.4%.
UNITE HERE understandably asks: considering we have achieved a much greater organizing density than SEIU, and have been more fiscally prudent, what possible justification can SEIU have for claiming our merger has failed? Is it because SEIU has failed to succeed in its own primary jurisdictions and must now raid ours? Or is it about getting dues from the UNITE HERE members who have moved over to SEIU, and repeating Stern’s pattern of building SEIU’s membership less by taking over other unions?
Tempers Rising Before Settlement?
I know people on both sides of this fight – and write glowingly about SEIU and UNITE HERE organizers and their campaigns in my book, Beyond the Fields, and believe that a quick resolution is critical for the labor movement
On its part, SEIU cannot financially afford an open-ended war with UNITE HERE. SEIU spent over $60 million for the fall 2008 elections, is devoting millions to preserve its California nursing home and hospital contracts against challenges by the new National Union of Health Workers (NUHW), and is also spending more than any other union on passing universal health care and the Employee Free Choice Act.
Moreover, SEIU and Andy Stern are weakening their brand by battling with UNITE HERE.
Under Stern’s leadership, SEIU has been seen as the nation’s most dynamic and visionary union. This image has brought talented young organizers into SEIU, put the union on the cutting edge of progressive national policy fights, and won Stern consistently favorable traditional media coverage.
But in the past year, SEIU lost a high-profile election to represent teachers in Puerto Rico’s, endured a public relations problem over the Tyrone Freeman scandal in Los Angeles, and engaged in a bitter fight with Sal Roselli and UHW, its third largest local. Now SEIU is challenging a union that was once its closest ally, and organizers and staff for both unions have longstanding personal and professional relationships that are being strained if not broken by this dispute.
I’ve talked to staff from unions across the nation that have no stake in this dispute, and have yet to find anyone on SEIU’s side. Either I’m talking to the wrong people, or most of labor does not appreciate the potential precedent SEIU is setting by challenging another union’s core jurisdiction. SEIU’s continuing this fight only weakens its ability to exercise leadership in the labor movement.
UNITE HERE did not ask for this fight, and their organizers and leadership prefer to be taking on hotel owners, not a fellow union. But when SEIU is potentially raiding their workers – as at the Phoenix Sheraton, where SEIU is asking workers to revoke their signed UNITE HERE authorization cards and instead sign cards for Workers United, UNITE HERE feels it has not choice but to fight to win.
As long as SEIU insists on the right to organize in UNITE HERE’s key jurisdictions of hotels, food services and gaming, this battle will continue. But SEIU insists that this dispute is about money, namely, what it sees as Wilhelm’s attempt to “shakedown” the former UNITE. I’ve learned through practicing law for over twenty-five years that when a dispute is only about money – which means that SEIU abandons efforts to invade UNITE HERE jurisdictions – then a deal can be had.
Wilhelm’s May 1 letter to Stern was heated, but he ended it by urging SEIU to accept the mediator’s proposals. And most encouragingly, Wilhelm’s last words were “Let’s get it done now.”
Randy Shaw is the Editor of Beyond Chron and the author of the new book, Beyond the Fields: Cesar Chavez, the UFW and the Struggle for Justice in the 21st Century (University of California Press)
While I am probably more sympathetic to the remaining UNITE HERE leadership's position than to that of the dissidents, where I agree most with Randy Shaw is that (1) this ongoing dispute is tremendously harmful to the workers involved, and generally counterproductive to the movement as a whole, and (2) the two sides should try to get a deal done to resolve this as quickly as possible. I don't know whether the SEIU's proposal for binding arbitration is the right way to go, but it should definitely be considered.
Vivienne, Willow and Jumping Janice:
We have not heard from any of you in so long: has Andy Stern's SEIU public relations machine put a muzzle on you?
Did they think you were not quite "on message"?
Can any other readers imagine how it would feel to be silenced by Andy Stern?
How is that for union democracy?
By the way, what do you think about Randy Shaw's view (posting #101) that your so-called leader "Raynor is now irrelevant" now that Workers Divided has been swallowed whole by Andy Stern?
It is a sad state of affairs and I feel truly sorry for the members who have been unwittingly led down this garden path by Stern and Raynor. I think it is hitting home for many of them now and they realize that they have been duped or were never even properly consulted to begin with.
Nice to see someone is still organizing the unorganized.
I never posted on any boards before but I must say some thing here! This is my side and it IS the TRUTH!
I am a PROUD member of UNITE HERE. I have been a member (of HERE before they merged with UNITE) for over 25 + years (and my Mother well before that!). I'm from Southwestern PA.
When I started as a member, our Local Union was GREAT!
After the merger happened we notice that UNITE, not HERE, came in to run things along with the PA Joint Board, and everything seemed off. As time went on, things changed. Still, all in all, it too wasn't bad.
In 2005 our leadership had changed and took a turn for the worse. Our Local President was forced to retire. The Vice-Pres. was forced to resigned, and so on...
Next thing we (meaning all the members of our local) knew was there was meetings with the PA joint Board, telling us that that they are re-organizing our local union. That we'll have an election in 6 months to elect a New Local Union President and so on.
Well, the 6 months came and went. So did the years! We had bad organization, actually we had none! No one to help us! Our Union Stewards were afraid to help (we think they were threatened or told not to help) and we didn't know why, although they did the best they could. Some of us questioned things but wasn't told much or wasn't told the truth. Some of us were just "MUSHROOMS" if you what I mean.
We never seen any more of the PA Joint Board. (So we Thought!)
Suddenly, in March 0f this year, 2009, We got little purple "Post-cards" to vote "Yes". That's all it said! "VOTE YES!" Nothing else! Just to vote "YES!" Talk about being confused! We didn't even know what the vote was for or when!
Next thing we knew the PA Joint Board's business agent was at our shop tell us "If you don't vote yes, you won't get into the new Arena! We NEED to merge with SEIU to have a BIGGER union. BIGGER IS BETTER YOU KNOW!"
He scared allot of members into believing this! I told our members that he can't promise something that he doesn't know what he's talking about.
You see our contract is up next year and the new arena isn't going to be finished until the following year. There's no way to know if we are in the new arena or not. At least not until next year after the contract is signed (hopefully)!
As for the SEIU part, I told them that bigger is not really better, and that I didn't know much about that union, but I would find out more.
Within a weeks time the PA Joint Board was back and held a vote.
About 51 out of 275 people (that's just at the arena), had stopped to vote. The vote was 28 to 23 (I personally know about 25 people who voted "NO!"). They refused to tell us which way the vote went.
Not even a week later in was in the local city paper stating that we are now "WORKERS UNITED-SEIU!" They told the press before they told us! REALLY NICE OF THEM!
They claimed that there was such a huge turn out for this vote to merge. Bigger than any other time in voting history for voting on anything with this union.
At this point, a lot of us started to ask questions about the voting process, and the "New union". Things we found out we didn't like. We found out it was an illegal vote and voting process. Then we found out that our shop (the Arena) wasn't the only shop out of our local (hotels and casinos) that wasn't happy and was lied too also. We found out that it was like that every where in UNITE HERE's local and International offices! WOW!
We found out it was Raynor, his Appointed Joint Boards and let's not forget good Ole' STERN! The Union Raider himself!
Raynor Stated that we all (ALL OF PA) wanted to joint SEIU and form a new union called Workers United-SEIU!
Southwestern PA is not on board with you!
After all this is over, said and done, does anyone else believe that Stern is going to (try and) take over Workers United? And/Or Raynor going to try and Dethrone Stern and take over SEIU?
Looking back on somethings that went on through the years, It's just seems like Raynor and/or Stern had this planned from the beginning of the merger of UNITE and HERE. What do you think?
At the Local Office...
Last month, a lot of us JUST found out that we had an election, 3 YEARS AGO, for our Local Union Officers
Some of us met for the first time our ELECTED local Union President last month in a meeting, just recently we met the Vice-Pres. and some board members.
They would be GREAT LEADERS if the PA Joint Board would let them!
Three years ago, right after the Local Union Election, the Joint Board threw our ELECTED officers out of the offices and told them they were NOT in charge and their titles are voided!
All we know is before we merged with UNITE, there were better contracts and we KNEW what was going on!
There are great, decent people within the UNITE union and that they know what's going on is wrong.
It's not their fault by any means, but Raynor's and Stern's "RAID!"
ACTUALLY PEOPLE THIS NOT A "RAID!"
It is, has been, and always will be very UNWANTED! It's very physical and very emotional! Scary! Confusion! Anger! Lies! It has been FORCED upon us!
--this Ladies and Gentlemen is called a...
...."RAPE!" Yes RAPE!
I thought that OUR UNION was to ELECT the people of our choice not be FORCED to have some one be APPOINTED! We don't want people appointed for us!
I thought that OUR UNION had a choice at VOTING on OUR contracts not FORCED to take what ever is handled by the Joint Board or who ever, without OUR best interest. We want the Freedom of CHOICE!
WE ARE PROUD UNION MEMBERS OF UNITE HERE!
THERE IS ONLY ONE UNITE HERE! WE ARE UNITE HERE!
WE ARE STAYING UNITE HERE!!!