rabble blogs are the personal pages of some of Canada's most insightful progressive activists and commentators. All opinions belong to the writer; however, writers are expected to adhere to our guidelines. We welcome new bloggers -- contact us for details.

Do we need a Canadian version of the Logan Act to put a stop to dangerous freelance diplomacy?

Please chip in to support more articles like this. Support rabble.ca today for as little as $1 per month!

Former Canadian PM Stephen Harper with former U.S. president George W. Bush, in 2006 when Harper had a decent excuse to visit the White House

Most observers of Canada-U.S. politics and the two countries' unexpectedly fraught trade relationship would agree former prime minister Stephen Harper's no-longer-secret visit to the White House on Tuesday is unlikely to do much good and has the potential to do harm.

What Harper, now just another private citizen in law if not in political influence, is trying to accomplish is difficult to say. For all we know, he’s just dropping over for covfefe with National Security Advisor John Bolton, President Donald Trump's chief warmonger. The problem is, we have no idea. Neither does the government of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, which was blindsided when U.S. officials inadvertently released the news.

It's possible Harper himself has no idea. Divide and conquer tactics are not unknown to the Trump Administration, and if that's what this is, Harper should know better than play into the president's hands. Perhaps the romance of a White House visit just got the better of him.

Nevertheless, it's difficult to imagine the hyper-partisan former head of Canada's government is simply trying to assist the elected government of Canada to resolve the dispute the unpredictable and narcissistic president of the United States has thrust upon our two countries.

Given Harper's history, and much of the current behaviour of the party he so recently led, it's hard to believe he would put the interests of the country ahead of the interests of partisanship and the international neoliberal ideological movement his party is part of. The potential for partisan mischief with disastrous implications for Canada is real. Regardless, it's not his call.

Perhaps Harper imagines that his role as the leader of the International Democrat Union -- which has been sarcastically referred to in this space as the Neoliberal Internationale, owing to the adoption of much of the methodology if not the motives of the international communist movement of yore -- gives him a legitimate role in this situation.

It most certainly does not. Harper is so distrusted in some quarters in this country that his efforts are likely to be no less divisive than his time in office, which is obviously no help in a situation where national solidarity is a likely precondition of success.

If you believe this is a moment Canadians should stand together -- which even the Conservative Party's Parliamentary Caucus seems to reluctantly accept as necessary -- then Harper should cancel his trip. Would he do that? The answer to that question will tell us a lot.

Granted, a moment of national unity gives the Conservative Opposition led by the hapless Andrew Scheer not much to do to score points except lie about the prime ministerial swing set and make preposterous claims like Tory Finance Critic Pierre Poilievre's pathetic argument that if Canada had a smaller deficit we could heap larger penalties on the heads of the Americans.

Regardless, it's a well-established principle in diplomacy -- the real kind, practiced by diplomats -- that freelance negotiations of this sort have the effect of undermining any government’s position.

That is why in 1799, our neighbour to the south criminalized unauthorized negotiations with foreign governments, when a Quaker state legislator from Pennsylvania named George Logan sailed to France to try as a private citizen to end an undeclared war between France and the United States over the American failure to repay debts to France.

The efforts of the Philadelphia pacifist, a Democratic-Republican, seemed to work. This outraged the Federalists who controlled both houses of Congress. So, on Jan. 30, 1799, President John Adams signed the resulting bill into law.

The Logan Act, as it came to be known, says:

Any citizen of the United States, wherever he may be, who, without authority of the United States, directly or indirectly commences or carries on any correspondence or intercourse with any foreign government or any officer or agent thereof, with intent to influence the measures or conduct of any foreign government or of any officer or agent thereof, in relation to any disputes or controversies with the United States, or to defeat the measures of the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.

The interesting thing is that despite being little used, the Logan Act has remained on the books ever since -- for the obvious reason that there is a real need to prevent such interventions, all the more so in the globalized world of the 21st century. Its mere presence is a useful reminder of the necessity of a state's government holding a monopoly on diplomacy.

It resurfaces from time to time over the years, often in political rhetoric, as in the recent case of one of President Trump's flunkies who got a little too close to the government of Russian President Vladimir V. Putin.

It would seem such a formalized prohibition is now needed in Canadian law too, since certain of our well-placed citizens are obviously disinclined to govern themselves appropriately.

This might or might not require a constitutional test or two before the courts, but a prohibition on unauthorized freelance diplomacy would seem to meet the Charter's test of a reasonable limit prescribed by law that can be justified in a free and democratic society.

We could even imitate our neighbours and call it the Harper Act. Then no one could argue Harper's time in Canadian politics passed without a single improvement for the country!

Seriously, if Harper wants to serve his country in the conduct of foreign affairs, he needs to wait to wait until he is asked by the elected government of the day.

This post also appears on David Climenhaga's blog, AlbertaPolitics.ca.

Image: Paul Morse (The White House)

Like this article? Please chip in to keep stories like these coming.

Thank you for reading this story…

More people are reading rabble.ca than ever and unlike many news organizations, we have never put up a paywall – at rabble we’ve always believed in making our reporting and analysis free to all, while striving to make it sustainable as well. Media isn’t free to produce. rabble’s total budget is likely less than what big corporate media spend on photocopying (we kid you not!) and we do not have any major foundation, sponsor or angel investor. Our main supporters are people and organizations -- like you. This is why we need your help. You are what keep us sustainable.

rabble.ca has staked its existence on you. We live or die on community support -- your support! We get hundreds of thousands of visitors and we believe in them. We believe in you. We believe people will put in what they can for the greater good. We call that sustainable.

So what is the easy answer for us? Depend on a community of visitors who care passionately about media that amplifies the voices of people struggling for change and justice. It really is that simple. When the people who visit rabble care enough to contribute a bit then it works for everyone.

And so we’re asking you if you could make a donation, right now, to help us carry forward on our mission. Make a donation today.


We welcome your comments! rabble.ca embraces a pro-human rights, pro-feminist, anti-racist, queer-positive, anti-imperialist and pro-labour stance, and encourages discussions which develop progressive thought. Our full comment policy can be found here. Learn more about Disqus on rabble.ca and your privacy here. Please keep in mind:


  • Tell the truth and avoid rumours.
  • Add context and background.
  • Report typos and logical fallacies.
  • Be respectful.
  • Respect copyright - link to articles.
  • Stay focused. Bring in-depth commentary to our discussion forum, babble.


  • Use oppressive/offensive language.
  • Libel or defame.
  • Bully or troll.
  • Post spam.
  • Engage trolls. Flag suspect activity instead.