I'm doing some research into maritime trade and the geostrategic impact of key naval powers. Maritime trade is the backbone of the global economy. 90% of global trade (by volume) was transported via sea routes in 2006.
Maritime trade routes are "strategic by its control and commercial by its usage," writes Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Associate Professor, Dept. of Global Studies and Geography, Hofstra University.
Here is some basic statistical informaiton from the US Bureau of Transportation Statistics' report entitled 'Maritime Trade & Transportation 2007:
The top 10 merchants fleets by country of owner, year-end 2006, number of vessels:
- Japan, 3001 vessels
- Greece, 2801 vessels
- Germany, 2337 vessels
- China, 2330 vessels
- Norway, 885 vessels
- South Korea, 808 vessels
- Singapore, 790 vessels
- United States, 772 vessels
- United Kingdom, 674 vessels
- Taiwan, 563 vessels
Top 10 world container ports in 2006:
- Singapore (Singapore)
- Hong Kong (China)
- Shanghai (China)
- Shenzhen (China)
- Busan (South Korea)
- Kaohsiung (Taiwan)
- Rotterdam (Netherlands)
- Dubai (United Arab Emirates)
- Hamburg (Germany)
- Los Angeles (United States)
I'll likely add similar tidbits of information in time, prior to writing up a series of articles on the subject.
(This post is adapted from a piece published at nmaleki.com)
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