One of the first things I did after the HST referendum results came out was look at how different electoral districts voted. I noticed that West Vancouver, North Vancouver and Point Grey had the highest number of "No" votes (to keep the HST) while Surrey and East Van districts had the highest number of "Yes" votes (to scrap the HST).
Was the vote was split along income lines?
Here's what I found when I plotted the referendum results (per cent voting to scrap the HST) by average after-tax income in the electoral district from B.C. Stats. The latest income data by electoral district is somewhat dated -- it's based on the 2006 Census -- but the results are pretty clear. The poorer the electoral district, the higher the voters' opposition to HST. And vice versa, in richer electoral districts more people voted to keep the HST.
I doubt this is a coincidence. Income disparities have grown over the last decade and as our incomes diverge, so do the opportunities we have and our experiences. Social cohesion is threatened when it becomes harder and harder to think of ourselves as British Columbians, voting for the benefit of our province, and start identifying more closely with a particular social class.
A recent article by Pete McMartin in the Vancouver Sun illustrates these diverging experiences all too well:
... the efficiencies the HST promises are real...But I also think that the retention of the HST is a question of class, that business people and economists and the well-salaried members of the media can afford to view the HST as a concept rather than a real financial burden.
Is it going to stop a family earning six figures from eating out more often? No. Will that family quail at repairing a leaky roof, and the added thousands an HST will add to that repair? Again, no. That well-off family cannot only afford the more immediate costs of a leaky roof, it can afford to entertain the long-range promises the pro-HST position makes -that down the road, the efficiencies the HST provide will deliver more jobs to the economy and lower costs to the consumer.
Call me a skeptic: That promise I find hard to take on faith, given our record of growing income disparities in this country. As for those future benefits, even the independent panel's review on the HST characterized its benefits as "modest."
What do you make of the referendum results?
This article first appeared in Policy Note.
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