The Jian Ghomeshi saga, sordid though it is, has been fascinating on several levels as it played out over the past week or 10 days.
On the most fundamental level, there's the serious issue of violence against women. Yes, in some situations, the state does have a place in the bedrooms of the nation.
On another level, there's the potency of celebrity in the world of media and entertainment. In the lilliputian universe of Canadian radio, Ghomeshi was a giant; the women he allegedly abused were afraid to complain about him. Then there's the peril of hubris, as Ghomeshi has surely discovered. Next, there's the power of social media both to raise up and bring down those who play around with it; Ghomeshi used it to build a following and his own Facebook posting brought him down.
And, sadly, there's the cowardice -- or call it the willing complicity -- of his employer, the CBC, which knew of the allegations against its star radio host for many months, but made its inquiries so cursory that it was able to satisfy itself that Gomeshi was being forthcoming and truthful when he lied that he was the innocent victim of a vindictive jilted lover. The CBC chose to believe the lie because it feared the consequences of the truth.
The aspect I wish to consider today is something different. It is what the Ghomeshi affair tells us about the importance of investigative reporting. To many people, investigative reporting is just sensationalism for the sake of selling newspapers or attracting audiences. Those people would be wrong.
Investigative reporting is at the heart of responsible journalism. It exposes corruption, abuse of trust and criminality in secret places. It reveals truths that those in power do not want told -- in scandals ranging from Watergate in the United States to Airbus in Canada.
But investigative reporting is not easy and it is not cheap -- two reasons why there is so little of it done these days. It requires patient, time-consuming research. A single story may tie up reporters for weeks or even months. Editors and lawyers will pick over every word looking for possible libel.
The best investigative reporting in Canada today is being done by the Toronto Star. All other news organizations followed in its wake as it peeled off the layers of the Jian Ghomeshi story. (When the National Post, Globe and Mail and the CBC itself are reduced to quoting Star disclosures, you know that newspaper is on to something big.)
Rumours about Ghomeshi and issues with women began circulating in Toronto media and legal circles last spring. The Star's Kevin Donovan, with freelancer Jesse Brown, started work on the story in May, interviewing four women who claimed to have been sexually abused by Ghomeshi. None of the four had gone to the police and none was prepared at that point to let the Star publish her name. Although the Star believed the women -- they independently described similar non-consensual experiences -- the newspaper decided it would be irresponsible to run such an explosive story based on information from unnamed sources.
That changed when Ghomeshi went on Facebook last weekend to claim that he was the victim of a smear campaign. "A major Canadian media publication (referring to the Star) did due diligence but never printed a story. One assumes they recognized these attempts to recast my sexual behaviour were fabrications," he wrote.
The Facebook posting was a big mistake. His public denial and assertion prompted the Star to run the story it had been sitting on. It cited separate incidents involving four women. As the week went on, that number grew to nine. At least two agreed to be named and three filed formal complaints with the police.
The sad saga is not over yet. Police are on the case. CBC has hired investigators to find out who in the organization knew what and when they found out. Jian Ghomeshi's once bright career is in ruins. Sad is the word.
Editors' note: An earlier version of this blog post did not mention Jesse Brown, the freelance journalist who brought these allegations to the Star, by name.
Cambridge resident Geoffrey Stevens, an author and former Ottawa columnist and managing editor of the Globe and Mail, teaches political science at Wilfrid Laurier University and the University of Guelph. His column appears weekly in Waterloo Regional Record and Guelph Mercury. He welcomes comments at geoffstevens[at]sympatico.ca.
Image: Toronto Star